Molly Adler (,) [James Roney]
Olympism and Ideology: An analysis of the conflict inherent in global sporting events
The purpose of this presentation is to contrast the 1980 Olympic games in Moscow and the 2014 Olympic games in Sochi and to explore the tensions present during both games. Despite the prominence of the Olympic games before the second world war, in the post-war era the olympic games came to stand for more than their original mission of bringing countries together. The Olympic games became a way for countries to prove their might without the inevitable body count of war and to promote unity between countries despite international tensions. While some contemporaries found this trade off appealing, analyzing the benefits of strengthening diplomatic ties with countries and using competition to lessen the bloodlust and some found the practice distasteful and harmful to national peace and understanding. Olympics are when a country puts its best foot forward, usually by sweeping less desirable traits under the rug. "In the post cold war world international sporting competition has, among certain circles, been accused of being a little vacuous and contrived". While the Olympic games aim for the formation of diplomatic ties, they end up causing international tension instead of releasing it due to the conflict between the Universalist goals of the events and the nationalistic identity brought forward by the games themselves.

Deonte Alston (,) |Rachel Cline-undefined, undefined|Brittany Mlynek-undefined, undefined|Kyle Moody-undefined, undefined|Joshua Gongloff-undefined, undefined [William Thomas]
Bandtasy's I.C.E. (Interactive Concert Experience)
developing a website and a mobile application that will enable someone to interact with performers, and the audience in the venue. The audience at home will be able to watch the live streaming concert in real time. We aren't limiting our targets because we are targeting all generations that have an interest in concerts. Considering we are just making the program to pursue an interactive concert experience for our viewers, we have the opportunity of having low- operating expenses; which is very unique.

Nathan Anderson-Stahl (,) [Henry Escuadro]
The "Lights Out" Game on Lobster Graphs

Amy Ankney (,) [Kimberly Roth]
Social Network Analysis of First Year Students

Sara Arnold (,) [Karen Rosell]
Dada Art: Pivotal Techniques of an Abiding Legacy

Laura Berman (,) [Roy Nagle]
Life History and Ecology of Terrestrial and Freshwater Turtles

Steven Bonn (,) [Paul Schettler]
Molecular Modelling of C99 Mutants in a Lipid Bilayer

Jeffrey Brabec (,) |Elijah Hall-undefined, undefined|Larissa Bubb-undefined, undefined|Brennen Novak-undefined, undefined [Trisha Staab]
Effects of bacterial diet on organismal life history traits, Data generated in First Year Biology Lab

Wendy Briggs (,) [Hannah Bellwoar]
Perfectly Awful Regulatory Teaching
Reading an essay that I wrote for Creative Nonfiction Writing.

Frank Brumbaugh (,) [Ryan Mathur]
Who Shot That Bullet?

Heather Bumbarger (,) |Megan Brennaman-undefined, undefined|Jerry Kruse-undefined, undefined [Gerald Kruse]
How to Make a Graphaghan
blah, blah, blah

Heather Bumbarger (,) |Megan Brenneman-undefined, undefined [Gerald Kruse]
Taking Pretty Pictures and Using Them in Your Digital Scrapbook Layouts
We are going to make you say "oooooohhhhh" and "aaaawwwww" when you see our fine layouts.

Richard Burgan (,) [Daniel Dries]
Identifying Transcriptional Changes in a Conditional Knockout Mouse
gamma-secretase is a multi-subunit, proteolytic complex that is directly involved in the pathogenicity of Alzheimer's disease. Recently, a mouse was developed in which gamma-secretase was conditionally knocked out of oligodendrocytes, or the myelinating cells of the brain. Knockout of gamma-secretase produced a striking non-cognitive neurological phenotype, reminiscent of schizophrenia. Here, we compare the transcriptomes of cKO mice and control mice by means of RNA-seq analysis to identify candidate genes that may explain the complex neurological phenotype exhibited by our conditional knockout mice.

Joshua Bussard (,) [Matthew Beaky]
Automation Of Juniata College Observatory
The idea of this project is to automate Juniata College's observatory dome. At this point the dome is manually turned, and sometimes the telescope is blocked by the dome. My project will try to automate the dome so that the telescope will always be pointing through the dome opening. The project will focus on the programming of a controller and user interface to allow manual and automatic control.

Emma Campbell (,) [Jennifer Streb]
The Art of Portrait Miniatures

Adam Caraballo (,) |Brittni Devlin-undefined, undefined [J. McKellop]
Female Gaze-Tracking of the Male

Karley Christian (,) |Valerie Hersh-undefined, undefined|Caitlin Emsilie-undefined, undefined|Sven Koetterjohann-undefined, undefined [Donna Weimer]
Robotics: Who's in Control?
A look into robotics. Focuses on Artificial Intelligence, Brain Technologies, Robotics and Medicine, and Transhumanism.

Zane Clarke (,) [Peter Baran]
Oxovanadium Complexes with Pyrazoles
Vanadium complexes have been studied for their potential uses in medicine. The applications include insulin mimicking drugs as well as anticancer drugs. Our research focuses on vanadium complexes with pyrazole and 4- and 3- substituted pyrazole.

Zane Clarke (,) [Peter Baran]
Oxovanadium Complexes with Pyrazoles
Vanadium complexes have been studied for their potential uses in medicine. The applications include insulin mimicking drugs as well as anticancer drugs. Our research focuses on vanadium complexes with pyrazole and 4- and 3- substituted pyrazole.

Lucas Corbin (,) |Jonathan Ofiara-undefined, undefined|Caitlyn Pingatore-undefined, undefined|Courtney Sledzianowski-undefined, undefined [B Halloran]
Distribution of Rusty Crayfish in South Central Pennsylvania
Rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) are an invasive species that has spread from their native range in the Ohio River Basin to northeastern areas of the United States, including Pennsylvania. Rusty crayfish have been found to displace native crayfish species, alter macrophyte composition and diversity, and negatively impact native fishes by predating on their eggs. The goal of this study was to determine the distribution of rusty crayfish over a two-month period (Oct.-Nov. 2014) in the Juniata River (PA). The Juniata River, a seventh order stream, is one of the dominant fluvial systems in south-central Pennsylvania. The tributaries of the Juniata River system that were sampled for rusty crayfish included the Frankstown Branch of the Juniata River, Aughwick Creek (including Little Aughwick Creek), Little Juniata River, and Standing Stone Creek. To obtain crayfish density estimates, we used a 1-m² trap to sample multiple cross sections (range 12.1%-41.0% of total stream width) focusing on dissimilar microhabitats present in each stream. A total of 148 rusty crayfish were collected during this study which ranged from 0.2/m² - 3.5/m2. The carapace length of rusty crayfish collected averaged at 17.3mm (range: 49.8mm - 7.4mm). The gender distribution in this study documented males 33.7%, females 30.4%, and unknown 35.8%.

Alexander Dean (,) [J Barlow]
Police Misconduct and Accountability in the U.S.

Peter Defnet (,) [Ursula Williams]
Electrochemical analysis of iron nitrilotriacetate complexes

Nicole Dengler (,) [Sharon Yohn]
Water Chemistry in Relation to Microorganism Distribution in Raystown Lake

Catherine Douds (,) [Jill Keeney]
The Yeast Genome Project: Understanding APD1

Morgan Dux (,) [Dennis Plane]
Social Media Use by Members of and Candidates for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives

Alexandra Eby (,) |Johnathan Abend-undefined, undefined|Sari Baba-undefined, undefined [Anne Gilman]
Can a Zombie fit in a Shoebox? Ancestral Priorities and Word Recall
Past research has suggested that priorities from our ancestral enviroments boost memory, while others attribute this advantage to more arousing scenarios. Our word recall study contrasted eight scenarios of varied survival status, including grasslands and zombie scenarios. Contrary to the ancestral priorities hypothesis, the shipwreck scenario had the highest recall, whereas zombie and grasslands scenarios had lower, yet similar, scores. This suggests that ancestral priorities do not fully explain memory today.

Caitlin Emslie (,) |Demetrius Floyd-undefined, undefined|Brooke Walls-undefined, undefined|Michael John-undefined, undefined|Nick Weit-undefined, undefined|Mark Feiler-undefined, undefined [Kathy Baughman]
JC Blair Reporting System

Airokhsh Faiz Qaisary (,) |Airokhsh Faiz Qaisary-undefined, undefined [J Barlow]
The impact of US intervention on Afghan Women

Ethan Farrell (,) [Loren Rhodes]
Can I Have Your Password?
If someone asked a person they didn't know for their password, would that person provide it? Would they report the incident to the authorities? This presentation reveals the results of a survey of Juniata Student's password use, and begins to explore the causes and consequences of the unsettling findings.

Elizabeth Faust (,) [Judy Maloney]
The Stories of Women: How They Reflect Their Renaissance Counter-Parts
Throughout the history of art the figures of men and women have been portrayed in different ways. This includes not only paintings and sculptures but also the stories in which the art works were modeled after. The art in the early Renaissance is no exception. What is important in this essay is how female subjects are rendered and the stories that Renaissance artists and their patrons choose to depict up until the 1500s when the ideas of women started to change. Four of the most popular female stories that were chosen to be depicted were Eve, the Virgin, Judith and Mary Magdalene. Other stories which were popular but not as much as the four mentioned, were Daphne, Rebecca, Queen of Sheba and Herodias. These stories are important in understanding how people in the Renaissance saw women and the morals and teachings they were trying to impress upon them.

Elizabeth Faust (,) [James Tuten]
How Scream into a Quiet Night go Unheard
During World War II, the United States government created the Office of Censorship to censor information that might threaten the war effort. This thesis examines one subject of censorship that was censored not only by the United States government but also voluntarily by the biggest newspaper in America, the New York Times. This subject is the European concentration camps and the people inside of them. From the history of the Office of Censorship itself to the reasons of voluntary censorship, this thesis illuminates the key ingredients found in the formula for creating an unknowing and unbelieving public until 1944 and what changed the public's state of denial.

Elizabeth Faust (,) [Tamara Stuber]
The Smithsonian National American History Museum

Luke Gangi-Wellman (,) |Lexi Schmidt-undefined, undefined|Dustin Servello-undefined, undefined [Jason Chan]
Effect of Intestinal Lipids on Gut Bacterial Composition and Host Stress Response using C. elegans

Luke Gangi-Wellman (,) [Jason Chan]
Role of Cadherins on Synaptic Specificity in the Hippocampus
The brain is a complex network made of millions of cells and trillions of connections. These connections, called synapses, are where electrical stimuli are turned to chemical signals to trigger electrical responses in the post-synaptic cell. Synapse formation is mediated by cell adhesion molecules which hold the connection together. Many of these cell adhesion molecules are known, such as Neuroligin, but many are still left undetermined. The Cadherin family of proteins are known to be involved in synapse formation and may play a role in synapse specification. We hypothesize that different types of Cadherins regulate formation of different types of synapses. Synaptic coculture assays show the direct effect of Cadherin presence on synapse formation and development through confocal microscopy analysis. We find that presence of both N-Cadherin and Cadherin-9 drives up the number of synapses and specifies to precise regions of the hippocampus. Protein recruitment screening shows the effect of Cadherin-9 on synaptic protein recruitment and activity. We find a highly variable data set of proteins which Cadherin-9 may be responsible for. These experiments provide a basis to further understand synapse formation and development in the hippocampus and will lead to further insight into developmental disorders and diseases.

Alexandria Groves (,) [Hannah Bellwoar]
Lover of Love

Alexis Hadden (,) [Donna Weimer]
Can You Be Fat and Feminine? A Content Analysis of the Language Used in Continuing the Stigmatization of
Facing only negative representations and unfavorable stereotypes about being overweight or obese in the media, American women are constantly pressured to slim down or remain thin. In turn, the diet industry in the United States has grown exponentially, peaking at an annual revenue of 61 billion dollars in 2013 (LaRosa 2013). Since our society has placed an enormous emphasis on becoming thin, overweight and obese individuals, particularly women, have become a target group for discrimination. However, the exact reason for the cultural fixation surrounding "fat" remains unclear. Based on Burke's rhetoric of motives and Goffman's definition of stigma, this study aims to determine what it means for an individual to be labeled "fat" and in what ways, physically and emotionally, weight-related stigma is communicated to young men and women. Based on the idea that rhetoric creates meanings, I hypothesize that responses on the questionnaire reveal motives that affirm that "fat" is not just a physical state, but it continues to be a moral failure of character. Even in 2014, the stigmatization of "fat" remains negative. Approximately 100 college-aged women and men from central Pennsylvania are given an anonymous questionnaire that explores the perception of women's self-concept, one's perception of overweight women, and the messages that the media send to consumers about femininity, size, and health. For example, the survey asks questions such as, "What adjectives comes to mind when you hear the word fat?" and "Are there certain foods that you would consider masculine? Feminine?" Through a content analysis, this study affirms that the label "fat" is undesirable due to not only health-related concerns, but also remain a strong negative stigma, affecting a woman's self-concept or self-esteem.

Christian Hague (,) |Melissa Topping, Junior, Biology -undefined, undefined [Daniel Dries]
Functions of γ-secretase in Arabidopsis thaliana

Jeannine Haizlip (,) [Donna Weimer]
Narrowing the Divide: Power of Politics or Power to the People?
The aim of this research is to explore global initiatives that are narrowing the digital divide between the "haves" and the "have not's" i.e., those with access to technology and those without. The digital divide is a key area of study in communication and media studies, which continues to analyze and debate policy responses to the inequality, amplified as a result of technological advances. Both public and private sectors develop and implement their own strategies in the hopes to eradicate the technology inequality that permeates our communities. Regardless of their origin, the hope is to narrow this divide at both the macro and micro levels of peoples' lives in order to prevent an hegemonic monopoly of knowledge that is hardly conducive to equality. Once equal access to knowledge, tools and opportunities are available, the possibility for greater freedom and global communication can be achieved.

In order to gain this understanding, I present a critical analysis of several countries from three different continents: North America, Africa and Asia. These will include the United States, China, Tunisia and Uganda. I have chosen representative countries, which advocate for technological change and development. First, I reveal the attitudes towards technology of each country providing a basis for understanding. Secondly, I examine the state of technology in each area and their position as it relates to the digital divide. Finally, I relate all of these findings to the implications these initiatives have on the future state of the digital divide in each of these countries.

I argue through global initiatives the bridge between the digital divide is narrowing rather than expanding. Through the use of data visualization and critical analysis I clarify the importance of implementing global initiatives in the face of technological advances to narrow the divide between those with access and those without.

Brandon Hark (,) |Colin Laubauch-undefined, undefined|Dustin Servello-undefined, undefined|Jaylene Brown-undefined, undefined [Jason Chan]
Effects of Sphingolipids on Life History Traits in C. elegans

Trevor Havemann (,) [J Barlow]
Politics and Space Exploration

Michelle Hoover (,) |Garret Kratina-undefined, undefined|Nathaniel Selleck-undefined, undefined|Jessica Rolland-undefined, undefined|James Kollinger-undefined, undefined [Uma Ramakrishnan]
Training and field protocols for surgical implantation of radio telemetry tags into adult brown trout (Salmo trutta) in the Little Juniata River.

Oceane Imber (,) [James Roney]
Americanization of the world: truth or myth?
Travel has always been an important part of humanity. Human beings have always been curious to discover new places, as Christopher Columbus' travels emphasized. Our quest for knowledge is constant and has been highlighted through travel.The evolution of the meaning of the concept "travelling" can be linked with the evolution of our own societies. Indeed, with the development of technology, travelling has been opened, democratized and encouraged so that more people can afford the luxury of discovering the world which led to an intensive cultural interaction.
This presentation aims to show that the principle of globalization is much more complicated than one might think, particularly with regards to the United States. Indeed, the thesis of this project is that globalization is not a simple Americanization of the world.

Marshall Johnston (,) [J Barlow]
The Cycle of Homelessness

Taylor Johnston (,) [Sharon Yohn]
Evaluation of Drawdown as a Management Tool for Controlling Invasive Exotic Plants

Rebecca Kane (,) |Emma Kring-undefined, undefined|Heather Wetzel-undefined, undefined|Corey Houck-undefined, undefined|Bridget Canning-undefined, undefined [Uma Ramakrishnan]
Regional Distinctions of Coloration and Morphometrics in Pennsylvanian Coyotes (Canis latrans)

Chinami Katahara (,) [Paula Beckenbaugh]
Special Olympics Changed My Perspective

Amelia Kepler (,) [Peter Baran]
Synthesis of Purine N-Oxide Complexes

Andrew Kilpatrick (,) [Karen Rosell]
Surrealism and the Graphic Novel: Where Dreams Meet Reality

Heidi Kleber (,) [Donna Weimer]
Call me Ganymede: A Feminist Critique Using Bormann's Fantasy Theme Analysis of Shakespeare's As You Like It
Elizabethan England's theater differs from contemporary theater. In the Elizabethan Era, it was conventional to witness young boys in female clothing and roles as females did not appear on the stage at all. This gender-switching from the male actor to the female character was even further challenged in some of Shakespeare's later comedies. The female characters often took on a masculine disguise. This meant that young male actors played a female character that then cross-dressed as a man in order to move the plot forward or achieve an objective. In As You Like It, this gender switching is iconic in Rosalind's character. There is a young boy actor playing Rosalind, who then gender-switches to a boy, Ganymede. Ganymede represents a second imaginary "Rosalind" in order to get closer to Orlando and then switches back to his role as the male Ganymede and the female Rosalind.

Bormann's work with fantasy-theme analysis argues that an audience shares a rhetorical vision: a shared belief among a community of people triggered by a word or phrase from the rhetor (Foss 123). For an Elizabethan audience, I argue that Shakespeare's choice of language creates a shared rhetorical vision about the complexity of gender switching. Through a feminist lens, I apply a fantasy-theme analysis to understand the shared rhetorical vision on gender and gender switching in As You Like It. Patriarchal themes helped the young boy actors in playing feminine roles that involved gender switching. With the elimination of some patriarchal conventions, contemporary women have a harder time playing some of the roles that these young boys mastered. Additionally, contemporary females playing these roles do not suggest the homoerotic feelings to the audience and other actors. Further research is focused on contemporary renditions of As You Like It to examine the modern complexity of gender-switching characters.

Heather Kleber (,) [James Tuten]
"Horseshoe Curve Marked": How Operation Pastorius Brought World War II to the Juniata Valley

David Knecht (,) [Larry Mutti]
Fluid Inclusions in Quartz from Fairgrounds Road, Huntingdon, PA

Vincent Knecht (,) [Jill Keeney]
Finding ORFans a Place to GO: IdenORF YLR042C in S. cerevisiae

Erik Krueger (,) [Alison Fletcher]
Pride and Prejudice: An Examination of the Nazi's anti-Semitic Propaganda Campaign

Erik Krueger (,) |Erik A. Krueger-undefined, undefined [Judith Benz]
Wolfram and the East - An Examination of how German Medieval Poet Wolfram von Eschenbach understood the East in "Willehalm"

Gerald Kruse (,) |Heather Bumbarger-undefined, undefined|Megan Brenneman-undefined, undefined [Gerald Kruse]
This Is A Test

Paul Kuhn (,) [Loren Rhodes]
Telemedicine: Analysis of Benefits and Framework for Implementation

Aaron Kulig (,) [Christopher Grant]
Temperature Dependent Estrogenic Response in Salvelinus Fontinalis (Brook Trout)

Emily Kutz (,) [Sarah Clarkson]
Bilingual Education in the United States: The Demand, the Need, the Responsibility, the Numbers
According to figures from the United States Department of Education in 2011, there are 5 million English-language learners enrolled in American public schools, and the number continues to grow. For educational, economic, social, and moral reasons, we have a responsibility to accommodate these students in our schools by providing a bilingual education program that serves to help them assimilate, and which ensures their successful academic transition. Bilingual education programs are necessary in the public education system of the United States to accommodate the influx of English-language learners, maintain their bilingualism, and allow them to find success in school and their communities.

Marshall Leland (,) [Jill Keeney]
Characterization of ORF YCL-042W and YIL-169C
I will be presenting on work completed last semester and this semester about the functional characterization of two unknown genes in the Yeast genome. The ultimate goal of our research is to characterize them, so that there are fewer unknown ORFs on the YeastGenomeDatabase and to get a publication. I will most likely discuss techniques used to determine protein location, sequence analysis, and possible experiments that we will be running to identify function.

Adam Lescallette (,) [Daniel Dries]
In vivo γ-Secretase-Mediated Cleavage of Slitrk5

Adam Lescallette (,) |Vincent Knecht-undefined, undefined [Daniel Dries]
Student Reflections from an Upper Level Problem-Based Learning Biochemistry Course

Elana Levine (,) |Shayna Yeates-undefined, undefined|Kathryn McElwee-undefined, undefined|Alexis Albright-undefined, undefined|Jacqueline Bryers-undefined, undefined|Claire Moulder-undefined, undefined|Sophie Chambers-undefined, undefined|Jecenia Duran-undefined, undefined|Chau Tran-undefined, undefined [Philip Dunwoody]
What Would Authoritarians Do? Social Norms versus Submission to Authority

Lauren Liacouras (,) [Hannah Bellwoar]
This is Awkward

Kelsey Livoti (,) [Donna Weimer]
Social Media and Rural Healthcare: A Data Analysis of its Relevancy and Role in a Small Community
Social media has become an increasingly powerful tool utilized by today's business world. Its exponential growth and popularity is becoming of greater interest to healthcare systems. It is slowly changing how healthcare systems communicate within their organization and with their consumers. Acknowledging social media's expanding acceleration, hospitals in rural communities are starting to pay attention. Recognizing that rural communities are unique in their technological use, exploring how they use it and what they use it for requires further study. My research explores a rural community's use of social media in the particular area of healthcare. Using social capital theory to guide my discussion, I investigate a small hospital in a rural community's place in the social media world, and explore how their healthcare system can benefit from its use.
To address this issue, I administered a twelve question survey distributed to individuals in the rural community of Huntingdon, Pennsylvania with a response rate of 337 people. I analyze this survey and conduct a data analysis that interprets the responses of the survey in a meaningful way. This exploratory survey aims to gain a better understanding of how a small community utilizes social media in regard to healthcare, and tackles the issue of its relevancy. I argue that social media has a beneficial place in rural healthcare and can be utilized by healthcare systems to increase social capital. I suggest ways in which healthcare systems can engage their rural communities through social media networks.

Kate Lorenzen (,) [Henry Escuadro]
Counting Cayley-Sudoku Tables

Allison Lutz (,) [Christopher Grant]
Net-spinning Caddisfly (Hydropsychidae Diplectrona) Gill Morphology and Stream Characteristics in the Marcellus Shale Basin of Northwestern Pennsylvania

Arielle Maines (,) |Robert Baronner-undefined, undefined [Ryan Mathur]
Chloride and Nitrate Concentrations in Huntingdon County Waterways

Tyler Mandley (,) [Mark Pearson]
Heating the Printer

Benjamin Martin (,) [Christopher Grant]
Mercury Accumulation in Stocked Trout

Kymberly Mattern (McCoy) (,) [Alison Fletcher]
Nazi Ideology of Women

Shelby Miller (,) [Karen Rosell]
Confronting Fear: Modern Appropriations of the Holocaust Inferno

Kyle Moody (,) |Lucas Navin-undefined, undefined|John Tomchick-undefined, undefined|Brittany Mlynek-undefined, undefined|Doug Smith-undefined, undefined [Donna Weimer]
Nanotechnology and the Military
Nanotechnology and the future of the military go hand in hand. Future applications of this technology will transform the military by revolutionizing medicine, equipment and soldier identity. These technologies will focus on healing soldiers both on and off the battlefield and other technologies will look to make them more effective war machines. No matter what they are used for though, they will be developed using nanotechnology.

Ariel Mouallem (,) [Peter Baran]
Synthesis and Characterization of Pyridine N-oxide Complexes

Colton Myers (,) [William Ames]
Electrocatalytic Activity of Metal Centered Porphyrin Thin Films

Brea Neri (,) |Brea M. Neri-undefined, undefined [Donna Weimer]
The "I" of Malala: A Cluster-Agon Analysis of her Advocacy for the Education of Young Girls Worldwide
Malala Yousafzai, just 17 years old in July of 2014 has been named one of "The Most Influential People in the World in 2014" by Time Magazine, projected her message to thousands in the United Nations, and earned the title of the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. She has quickly become an international symbol for human rights, specifically the education of young girls and women.

Using Cluster-Agon Analysis, I investigate two speech artifacts for the purpose of understanding Malala's attitude and motive. As Kenneth Burke states, "Language reflects, selects, and deflects meaning as a way of shaping the symbol systems that allow us to cope with the world." Malala utilizes language in a compelling way that comes across as humble and sincere, while using her own hardships as an empathetic and symbolic construction to unite people globally towards a common goal. I conduct a sensitive textual analysis of Malala's language in her speech to the United Nations Youth Assembly on July 12, 2013, as well as her more recent Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech on October 10, 2014. I argue that through her speeches, a tension arises between her self-referencing use of "I" and her inclusive use of "we" and that Malala emerges as a key symbol that encapsulates the more general struggle for girls' education. I explore and connect the ideas and themes that frequent these speeches by using the key terms: "I," "We," "Rights," "Taliban," "God," and "Voice." By attending to the frequency and intensity of her language use, the textual analysis reveals her god and devil terms and ultimately, her attitude. A rhetorical perspective of language as symbolic action significantly contributes to a more concrete understanding of how her style and focused message is so powerful and persuasive.

Amberle Nickas (,) [Belle Tuten]
Suffer Little Children: The Burial Grounds of Unbaptized Infants in Early Modern Ireland

Julia Noack (,) |Julia Noack-undefined, undefined [Paula Beckenbaugh]
Connecting with the Community

Abby Nolan (,) |Jaylene Brown-undefined, undefined|Hannah Hrobuchak-undefined, undefined [Jason Chan]
Effects of Sphingolipids on Stress Response

Rika Opio (,) [Karen Rosell]
The Devil, Demons, and Damnation! Oh my!: Demonic Portrayals in Art

T Nang Pan (,) [James Roney]
The HIV/AIDS successes and failures in South Africa and Indonesia

T Nang Pan (,) [James Roney]
Identity Politics and What It Means for Myanmar's Development

Jung Bin Park (,) [James Roney]
Global Citizenship and Climate Change
The thesis of this paper is that climate change can mark the beginning of a new phase of modern globalization by awakening people's consciousness of global citizenship. This study firstly examines the meaning and necessity of global citizenship in this day and age of highly interconnected and interdependent world. Then it lays out the three issues that requires global citizenship: Promoting Peace, Addressing Economic and Social Injustice, and Protecting the Earth. After this examination, it further studies people's abiliy to develop global citizenship by looking at Jeremy Rifkin's book Empathic Civilization. Fianlly, it shows how global climate change might have a positive effect on people's development of global citizenship.

Stephen Park (,) [Alison Fletcher]
Cold War Politics and the Olympic Games
During the Cold War era the Olympic games became a stage for conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. This presentation looks at the summer Olympic games starting with the 1936 Berlin Olympics and then focuses on the period between 1968 and 1980 culminating with the United States boycott of the Moscow Olympics. This thesis critically analyzes the political events that took place during each Olympic games and their role during the broader Cold War era.

Jonathan Partsch (,) [Jill Keeney]
Identification of Proteins that Co-immunoprecipitate with RTT105 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Kate Passannante (,) [Richard Hark]
The Science of Portrait Miniatures

David Paul (,) [Douglas Glazier]
The effect of environmental influences on the ontogenetic scaling of gill surface area in the freshwater amphipod Gammarus minus

Kaitlynn Plummer (,) [John Bukowski]
Hark! How the Bells: A Study of Inversions in Change Ringing

Brandon Reis (,) [Donna Weimer]
The capacity of the visual arts to destroy cultural and generational compartmentalization: An alternative to verbal language, which induces "the negative"
John Dewey argues in the Art as Experience lecture series that the enemy of humanity's natural state is language: language can be just as bad as it can be good. Language allows tasks to be completed with a sense of urgency and efficiency, but with this efficiency comes a loss: society forgets that each individual has not only a unique identity but also a unique viewpoint. That, somehow, even those who share the same "identity" through self-identification by language, whether it be race, ethnicity, sexuality, gender, have completely different experiences with the world around them. In an effort to communicate, Language does not take into account this unique experience. However, as Dewey details time-and-time again, art does.

This research seeks to reveal the consistent drawbacks of language as a limiting medium of expression. In the long run, language has done more damage to the human psyche across each generation by separating us from our natural human condition. Society has forgotten what it means to be part of a natural process, instead opting to be ruled by the artificial selfhoods symbols provide us. However, art plays a role in the long-term opposition of language. Art has the capacity to showcase a culture's attitudes, values, and beliefs, therefore their experiences as well, without the necessity of translation or previous knowledge of said culture. A medium accessible to all, art has become a driving force in breaking boundaries, reminding society that even with our newfound "individuality" all humans are capable of engaging in art.

Through an analysis of John Dewey's argument in Art as Experience where he presents the increasingly dangerous phenomenon he calls, "the Human Contribution," I use this work to explain the genuine importance of an undivided, complete world experience and art's role over language, in supplying one. This research details what it means to be "inventors of the negative," as Kenneth Burke deemed a defining characteristic of language users. I then argue that society has used language as a crutch forsaking holistic understanding for efficiency and introduce the long and short-term benefits of both mediums: art and language. Through a concise review of The Fallen Angels by Salvatore Albano, among other works, I argue Dewey's Human Contribution is attainable and understandable. As a consequence, I conclude that society has an obligation to itself to invest in art. This investment in art has more worth to society's well being, as it creates a holistic understanding on the communal and individual level, across cultures and generations.

Brandon Reis (,) [Karen Rosell]
Matisse and Picasso: How Their Rivalry Fueled Their Astonishing Abstractions
Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse are assuredly two of the most influential artists at the dawn of modern art. Not friends, nor lovers, nor even enemies, in fact, the two shared a distinctly unique relationship�?"a rivalry�?"that pushed each to produce extraordinary works. It seemed that fate alone was the primary factor of their initial meeting, and prevalent throughout their unpredictable game, pushing the boundaries of what was considered tolerable art at the time. At first, it was strange that two artists with a twelve-year age difference between them, one a Spanish prodigy while the other was the founder of the Fauves, would compete with one another. Upon analysis of their works, however, it becomes obvious why the two would engage in a dialogue that would change modern art forever.

Picasso, the Apollonian of the two, gave primary focus to form through his obsession with line. Matisse, however, chose the Dionysian route, finding inspiration in Delacroix and Cezanne to manipulate light and color to achieve form. While each shared a different method, the realm in which they worked remained the same: the mastery over dimensions of flat space. The influence they had over each other cannot be disputed. Some of Picasso's greatest works were born from artful disputes with Matisse and, much later, the two would eventually engage in an about-face, with Picasso beginning to understand the importance of decorative color over linear structure and Matisse giving color a tangible existence with his cutouts, the ultimate physical form. The two possessed the power to be both the antagonizer and the antithesis of one another. Both artists engaged in a dialogue where, consciously or subconsciously, they would creatively borrow from and implement each other's techniques. The goal of this research is to showcase, through comparisons between their artworks, just how Matisse and Picasso fueled each other.

Jacklyn Renninger (,) [Paula Beckenbaugh]
A Look into Early Education in Ireland

Sarah Roberts (,) |Desnor Chigumba-undefined, undefined [Matthew Beaky]
Shape and Spin Modeling of Asteroids through Lightcurve Inversion
Unlike planets, asteroids have not undergone differentiation, so they have recorded details of the solar system's evolution. Their rotational lightcurves, which show the amount of sunlight they reflect toward Earth while rotating, are acquired using photometry. CCD images of multiple asteroids were taken during the summer of 2014 using Juniata College's sixteen-inch Meade LX200-GPS Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope with an attached SBIG ST-8XME CCD camera and a SBIG ST-i guide camera and at Lowell Observatory using their thirty-one-inch reflecting telescope with a 2Kx2K Loral CCD camera. The images were calibrated using Maxim DL before lightcurves were generated for 199 Byblis, 660 Crescentia, 65 Cybele, 1842 Hynek, 855 Newcombia, 547 Praxedis, and 490 Veritas. These lightcurves were combined with others from online databases to generate shape and spin axis models using MPO LCInvert. Final models were determined for 199 Byblis, 537 Praxedis, 855 Newcombia, and 490 Veritas. These models can be used for calculations of the Yarkovsky and Yarkovsky?"O'Keefe?"Radzievskii?"Paddack (YORP) effects. Understanding how asteroid orbits change over time is important for classifying their families and predicting their orbits.

Michael Roth (,) [William Ames]
Characterization of Carbene Intramolecular Reactivity with Various Substituents through Computer Modeling
Carbenes are molecules that contain a neutral carbon bonded to only three atoms resulting in a pair of non-bonded valence electrons. This produces an interesting reactivity between the carbon and electron donating atoms. When these carbenes are paired with an amide anion or carboxylic acid anion on the same molecule, a three-membered ring can be observed using computer modeling techniques. This research focuses on which substituents and ligands encourage the carbene to form these three membered rings.

Jacob Rowe (,) |Jacob Rowe-undefined, undefined|Jung Bin Park-undefined, undefined|Eric Lambert-undefined, undefined [Jeff Krause]
Health and Growth Rate of Containerized American Chestnut Plantings in Response to Media and Mycorrhizae Fungi

Kyle Salage (,) [J Barlow]
"Grexit" Stage Right?: Greece and the Eurozone Predicament

Anthony Salpietro (,) [J Barlow]
The Right to Be Forgotten: Expression and Privacy in the US and the EU

Jessica Scales (,) [Jill Keeney]
RTT105 in Ty1 retrotransposition: a possible role in virus-like particle (VLP) assembly

Haley Schneider (,) [Donna Weimer]
Political Dialects: A Qualitative Analysis of Perceived Bias in Democratic and Republican Speech
In American politics, the success of a political party depends on how its candidates communicate their values. Party identification hinges largely on narrative outlook and issue ownership. The two main political parties, Republican and Democrat, separate from each other by selecting different values and issues to call their own. Naturally, each party has developed a separate language to frame political issues in a way that highlights the strengths and downplays the weakness of their party. Partisan language is perpetuated through the way politicians speak and how the media frames political issues. Voters identify with a particular party by adopting this language into their own discussions.
This study explores the way partisan voters talk about the economy and the extent to which perceived bias can hinder bipartisan communication. I interviewed ten voters who identify with one of the two main political parties: five who identify as Republicans, and five who identify as Democrats. Each participant is asked to read a paragraph about the economy that contains language used by the opposite party. Words with similar meaning are substituted in for one another, so that Democrats read the Republican words and Republicans read Democratic words. Participants are asked to identify the bias of the paragraph; circle words that they feel are biased, and explain what the words mean to them.
I argue that partisan voters find it difficult to point out specific biased words. I infer that voters who are active in politics are able to determine bias based on a "gut feeling" that comes from absorbing partisan discussion in the media. This research is important to the study of bipartisan communication, which is becoming increasingly more difficult. This study contributes to a greater understanding of ways that Republicans and Democrats frame an economic issue that matters to an effective American politics.

Catherine Scholl (,) |Catherine Scholl-undefined, undefined [Donna Weimer]
A Fantasy Theme Analysis of crisis communication management in social media: how joining the conversation saved the reputations of the Red Cross and FedEx
The debate whether or not businesses should create social media accounts to connect with consumers is over. As of 2014, 93% of marketers use social media for businesses in the United States. Research has proven social media participation positively influences relationships between consumers and organizations. But what happens when these accounts are abused? By using Bormann's Fantasy Theme Analysis, I examine the rhetoric of mission and vision statements crafted by the American Red Cross and FedEx in order to piece together the individual shared rhetorical visions that the organizations created to bond with their consumers and shareholders. I then explore their social media mishaps that devalue and discernibly raise questions among followers regarding each company's reputation. I analyze the crisis communication executed to revive the fantasy themes necessary for symbolic re-convergence.
With the Red Cross I examine their Twitter feed for the month of February 2011, as well as every public tweet containing the hashtag #gettingslizzard from the time of the mishap to the present. With FedEx I examine a YouTube video created by a disgruntled consumer as well as the video response created by the CEO of FedEx. To finalize my research, I analyze the crisis communication implemented through the lens of Fantasy Theme Analysis, which reveals how re-convergence can occur.
The constraints and speed of social media have changed the face of PR and crisis communication. I argue that the implementation of effective PR and crisis communication are more imperative than ever in repairing and reviving the shared rhetorical visions that have been challenged through these social media crises. Joining the online communication gives organizations the ability to change the direction of the conversation. I argue through appropriately executed crisis communication the American Red Cross and FedEx turned mishaps into opportunities to create new constructs for symbolic re-convergence with their followers.

Katie Schroeder (,) [Chuck Yohn]
Effects of invasive plants on wetland use by migratory birds in central Pennsylvania

Derek Schultz (,) [J Barlow]
The United States Stance on Illegal Israeli Settlements

Derek Schultz (,) [Dennis Plane]
Newspaper Coverage of Presidential Policy in the United States and Great Britain
Do British newspapers focus more attention on public policies than do American newspapers? To answer this question, I examine the extent of public policy coverage related to the 2008 presidential election in both U.S. and British newspapers. I examine newspaper coverage during the month-long span immediately preceding the 2008 presidential election between, Barack Obama and John McCain. I have chosen to examine policy in two U.S. papers ( the Washington Post and the Denver Post) and two British papers (the Guardian and the Daily Telegraph). Within each paper, I examine the amount of policy coverage in three specific policy areas: the Iraq War, health care, and energy policy. I find that U.S. newspapers had more articles mention each policy, however the British newspapers had a higher percent of news articles mention the policy multiple times. This research allows us to understand the relationship between U.S. media consumers and British media consumers pertaining to the 2008 U.S. presidential election. British readers craved more substantive coverage based on the number of articles that contained multiple mentions of a contentious public policy. This is in stark contrast to the cursory coverage of public policy that U.S. readers were given.

Arnold Schwemmlein (,) [Henry Escuadro]
Studying Nonlinear Systems of Equations Using Newton's Method and Microsoft Excel

Dustin Servello (,) [Jason Chan]
Effect of Sphingolipids on Locomotor Healthspan in Caenorhabditis elegans

Dustin Servello (,) [Jason Chan]
Effect of Sphingolipids on Locomotor Healthspan in Caenorhabditis elegans

Katherine Shoemaker (,) [Jill Keeney]
Characterization of YML020W and YGL117W in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Ashley Snyder (,) |Brianna Watt-undefined, undefined|Justin Waldorf-undefined, undefined [Donna Weimer]
Social Media Effects On Identity

Mitchell Stanton (,) |Ben Souders-undefined, undefined|Will Lupold-undefined, undefined [B Halloran]
Developmental Methodology of Inter-Watershed Transport of Benthic Macroinvertebrates

Mitchell Stanton (,) [B Halloran]
Zooplankton Communities of Raystown Reservoir, PA
Surficial and subsurficial rotifer and microcrustacean zooplankton densities were compared between the three different zones (lacustrine, transitional, and riverine) of Lake Raystown reservoir in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. Surficial samples were collected using two 65 μm push nets and subsurficial samples were collected using Kemmerer bottles. Physiochemical data was recorded at each sample site. Rotifers, copepods including adults and copepodites, nauplii, and cladocerans were the zooplankton taxa identified in each sample. A one-way ANOVA was used to evaluate differences between sample sites for total zooplankton and taxa specific densities for each sampling week. Rotifers were the most observed while cladocerans were the least observed in the study. Statistical differences were observed between sample sites for each week.

Gregory Stewart (,) Jason Boblick-undefined, undefined|Chris Bomgardner-undefined, undefined [Donna Weimer]
Survaillance and Security
We researched the idea that the balance between surveillance and security online is adversely
affecting our ability to control our digital identity, and explored how we can use the internet and keep our information safe.

Leila Terrab (,) [John Unger]
Developing a Synthesis of α-Diazoamides
Carbenes that are stabilized by an anionic β-heteroatom display unique nucleophilic reactivity. While carboxylate carbenes have been synthesized and studied, the analogous amidate carbenes have not yet been realized. This body of research reports a three-step synthetic strategy that allows the synthesis of α-diazoamides, the immediate precursors of amidate carbenes, from acyl cyanides. The development and optimization of this strategy will be reported.

Elizabeth Twigg (,) [J Barlow]
Capitalist Consumerism and LGBT Attitudes in China

Alexis Waksmunski (,) [J Barlow]
Going Beyond Blowback: An Analysis of U.S. Foreign Policy and Peace & Conflict Studies

Andrea Waksmunski (,) [Vincent Buonaccorsi]
Automated de novo Transcriptome Analysis of Eukaryotic Organisms

Brianna Watt (,) |Jason Boblick-undefined, undefined|Christian Bomgardner-undefined, undefined|Lucas Navin-undefined, undefined [William Thomas]
MBG Innovation for Industry Project

Brianna Watt (,) [William Thomas]
How Secure is Your Mobile Phone?

Michael Weintraub (,) [Wade Roberts]
Identity Categories and the Consumer Imperative
I would like to explore the construction as well as the maintenance of contemporary Western identity narratives and cultural rhetoric through readings of several recent philosophers such as Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, Gilles Deleuze and Slavoj Zizek. I intend to investigate the functional byproducts of the post-modernist consumption imperative along with how this aligns with appeals to affective hyper-individualized understandings of the self. In doing so I will attempt to illustrate how identity categories of various sorts act as disciplinary mechanisms in what are ultimately futile attempts to regulate through inscription upon the body a multiplicity of ongoing ontological processes of becoming. In addition to this, I wish to consider the modes by which individuals both constantly embrace and grapple with such identitarian micro-political conflicts which are then constituted or embodied in a performative manner. The desires to perform such bodily and speech utterances, even in as intended methods of supposed resistance, must be reconsidered as socially constructed and regulated by the demands derived from capitalist ideology for immaterial labor.

Michael Weintraub (,) [Wade Roberts]
Contemporary Identity and The Consumption Imperative

Heather Wetzel (,) |Emma Kring-undefined, undefined|Corey Houck-undefined, undefined|Rebecca Kane-undefined, undefined|Bridget Canning-undefined, undefined [Uma Ramakrishnan]
Regional distinctions of coloration and morphometrics in Pennsylvanian coyotes (Canis latrans)"

Taylor Whetsel (,) [Donna Weimer]
Does "IT" Really Matter: A Narrative Approach Exploring the Dynamic Definition of Virginity in the Formation of Women's Sexual Identity
Across cultures throughout the world, virginity is considered one of the most cherished possessions a young woman can have. Within our society, the emphasis on maintaining virginity has been a perceived female value. Previous studies have examined the impact on the loss of virginity; however, there has been a lack of discourse surrounding what this "possession" is. Research suggests that the loss of virginity can be characterized as a gift to give to a partner, a stigma to rid oneself of, or a rite of passage to adulthood (Carpenter, 2010). Although the classification of the loss of virginity can provide insight, it is the language involved in the narrative that proves to be of greater importance to the construction of a young woman's identity with regard to sexuality and virginity. More specifically, how has the narrative of remaining chaste been perpetuated throughout decades?

In this research, the objective is to explore how a definition of virginity is sustained over time through an investigation of the narratives used to describe sexual experiences. The rhetorical assumption is that the stories surrounding the "loss of virginity," specifically language, construct a woman's sexual identity. To create a clearer understanding of the narrative by which woman are expected to live, I examine the discourse surrounding virginity across six decades from a generational perspective in three interviews. I conducted these three in-depth interviews with each woman representing a specific generation. I interviewed white, middle class, heterosexual women who are classified members of the Baby Boomer generation, Generation X, and Generation Y.

Using these interviews as my data set, I apply Walter Fisher's narrative approach to assess the narrative rationality of these women's stories. I argue that the narrative rationality of these women's stories remain complete and true to society's expectations despite that contemporary society allows for greater expressions of differences about virginity. The narratives surrounding virginity offer an illustration of the standard created by society in constraining a woman's sexual identity

Taylor Whetsel (,) |Amy Ankney-undefined, undefined|David Spade-undefined, undefined|Zachary Trayer-undefined, undefined|Josh Gongloff-undefined, undefined|Micah Dowdy-undefined, undefined|Rounida Shwaish-undefined, undefined [Cynthia deVries]
Sociology Senior Seminar Capstone

Taylor Whetsel (,) [Donna Weimer]
Does "IT" Really Matter: A Narrative Approach Exploring the Dynamic Definition of Virginity in the Formation of Women's Sexual Identity
Across cultures throughout the world, virginity is considered one of the most cherished possessions a young woman can have. Within our society, the emphasis on maintaining virginity has been a perceived female value. Previous studies have examined the impact on the loss of virginity; however, there has been a lack of discourse surrounding what this "possession" is. Research suggests that the loss of virginity can be characterized as a gift to give to a partner, a stigma to rid oneself of, or a rite of passage to adulthood (Carpenter, 2010). Although the classification of the loss of virginity can provide insight, it is the language involved in the narrative that proves to be of greater importance to the construction of a young woman's identity with regard to sexuality and virginity. More specifically, how has the narrative of remaining chaste been perpetuated throughout decades?

In this research, the objective is to explore how a definition of virginity is sustained over time through an investigation of the narratives used to describe sexual experiences. The rhetorical assumption is that the stories surrounding the "loss of virginity," specifically language, construct a woman's sexual identity. To create a clearer understanding of the narrative by which woman are expected to live, I examine the discourse surrounding virginity across six decades from a generational perspective in three interviews. I conducted these three in-depth interviews with each woman representing a specific generation. I interviewed white, middle class, heterosexual women who are classified members of the Baby Boomer generation, Generation X, and Generation Y.

Using these interviews as my data set, I apply Walter Fisher's narrative approach to assess the narrative rationality of these women's stories. I argue that the narrative rationality of these women's stories remain complete and true to society's expectations despite that contemporary society allows for greater expressions of differences about virginity. The narratives surrounding virginity offer an illustration of the standard created by society in constraining a woman's sexual identity

Miya Williams (,) [Michael Henderson]
Code Switching for Bilingual Individuals

Ethan Wilt (,) [J Barlow]
The Right To Self-Defense: A Consitutional Validation for Concealed Carry on Publicly Funded, Post-Secondary Educational Institutions

Victoria Wolf (,) |Colton Hallabuk-undefined, undefined|Ryan Mull-undefined, undefined|Katherine Jeffress-undefined, undefined|Paniz Sehat Niaki-undefined, undefined [Carol Peters]
Student Perspectives of the Writing Center

Shayna Yeates (,) |Elana Levine-undefined, undefined|Sophie Chambers-undefined, undefined|Jecenia Duran-undefined, undefined|Chau Tran-undefined, undefined|Claire Moulder-undefined, undefined|Kathryn McElwee-undefined, undefined|Alexis Albright-undefined, undefined [Philip Dunwoody]
What Would Authoritarians Do? Deontological versus Utilitarian Moral Reasoning

Clarence Yeung (,) |Emilia Schneider -undefined, undefined|Robert Higgins -undefined, undefined|Madison Berrier -undefined, undefined|Timothy Hess-undefined, undefined [Marlene Burkhardt]
Kdan Mobile

Duk Yi (,) |Sam Gary-undefined, undefined [John Unger]
Optimization of Copper-Catalyzed Asymmetric Reduction of Aryl 2H-Azirines
Although several strategies exist that allow researchers access to chiral aziridines, one method that remains largely unexplored is the stereoselective reduction of prochiral 2H-azirines. This body of research is focused on the development and optimization of a catalytic asymmetric 2H-azirine reduction method that employs non-racemically ligated copper hydride. The synthetic route used to generate 2H-azirine starting materials, and the methods explored for derivatization and resolution of chiral aziridine products will be reported along with the reaction development and optimization.

Kaitlyn Yoder (,) [Dennis Johnson]
The Interaction of Forest Plant Communities with Biotic and Abiotic Factors

Kaitlyn Yoder (,) [Dennis Johnson]
The Interaction of Forest Plant Communities with Biotic and Abiotic Factors

Erika Young (,) |Erika Young-undefined, undefined [Hannah Bellwoar]
The essay I will be reading is on my relationship with my father. It will review the progress of this relationship. It will begin with my childhood when my father was only choosing when to be around and end in the present and how close we are. It will reveal the ups and downs of this relationship overall.

Erika Young (,) |Erika Young-undefined, undefined [Grace Fala]
Message Analysis Portfolio
This portfolio reveals the "art of persuasion." The portfolio will cover different techniques used in different ads in order to appeal to a larger audience.

Haining Zhu (,) | Ruggiero, Jonah F-undefined, undefined| Wilson, Elizabeth M-undefined, undefined|Haining Zhu-undefined, undefined [Donna Weimer]
Visual communication
As communication technologies combine with art and science, digital visual language will evolve and transition all identities into an all-inclusive digital age.