See also:


3.3.1 Program of Emphasis

Every student entering Juniata College has the opportunity to design his or her program of study. Students will be assisted in this effort by their advisors and, as appropriate, by the Curriculum Committee. All student programs of study, or Programs of Emphasis (POE), are subject to approval by their faculty advisors and, when necessary, by the Curriculum Committee.

1.    There are two types of POEs:

a.    Designated POEs – Designated POEs are designed by departments or programs and approved by the curriculum committee. Flexibility within designated POEs is defined by departments or programs.  Designated POEs will not depart from the POE as outlined in the college catalog.

b.    Individualized – Individualized POEs are those designed by students in consultation with faculty advisors.

2.  All POEs are limited to 63 credit hours, of which at least 18 credits must be at the 300-level or above.  Designated POEs in Education may exceed the 63-credit-hour limit if doing so is necessary for state certification to teach in the public schools; in such cases, Education designated POEs may have no more than the number of credit hours required for certification by the Pennsylvania Department of Education.

3.    A home department or program is any recognized academic unit which sponsors designated and/or individualized POEs.  In order to ensure quality and integrity of the POE, the responsibility of the home department is to review the sophomore and final POE submissions. In consultation with advisors, all students must choose a home department or program at the time of the submission of the sophomore POE. The home department is especially important for students with Individualized POEs.  It allows these students the flexibility and creativity of self-design, while ensuring that they are housed within an academic unit that can provide accountability and support.

[Faculty approved (1), (2), and (3) on April, 2006.]

Revision to 3.3.1 2 was approved by the faculty, November 6, 2014. Designated Program of Emphasis

A student may follow an already designed program of study selected from a list of approved POEs. Depending on the area of study, some of the programs are made up of fully prescribed courses while others contain a variety of options and electives.

These designated POEs will be designed by departments or groups of departments and presented to the Curriculum Committee with supporting rationale. The Curriculum Committee will be responsible for authorization of POEs which become part of the official list kept in the Registrar's Office. The Curriculum Committee will use the following criteria to determine acceptance or rejection of the proposed designated POEs:

A.    Coherence of the program

B.    Evidence of study in-depth

C.    If interdisciplinary, relationship of the courses to a specific objective

The POE will consist of a minimum of 45 to a maximum of 63 credit hours, except as otherwise allowed for in Section 3.3.1. Each POE will require a minimum of 18 credits at the 300 or 400 level. No more than two courses in the POE can be research or independent study courses. Students will continue to be required to write a rationale for designated POEs.

Within the POE a minimum of ten courses will be prescribed, either by a department or a group of departments or by action of the Student Academic Development Committee. The prescribed courses may be designated by departments or the Curriculum Committee according to one of three rules:

A.    The prescribed courses are specifically named.

B.    The prescribed courses are made up of some which are specifically named and some which are taken from a list.

C.    All prescribed courses are chosen from a list.

All courses which are required, including prerequisites, must be in the POE.

Revision to was approved by the faculty, November 6, 2014 Individualized Programs of Emphasis

Students who do not adopt a Designated Program of Emphasis may design an Individualized Program of Emphasis of their own. This option is for students with particular interests not addressed in designated POEs to make appropriate combinations of courses to precisely address those interests. An individualized POE must contain a minimum of 45 and a maximum of 63 credit hours. A minimum of 18 credit hours must be at the 300 or 400 level.

Students wishing to pursue this option must:

1.    Select an advisor in each department named in the title of the POE. In the unlikely event that an Individualized POE title named three academic departments, three advisors would be required.

2.    Create, in consultation with the advisor, a collection of courses to constitute the POE. If a course listed in the POE has prerequisites, these prerequisites must also be included in the POE.

3.    Create, in consultation with the advisors, a goal statement and a rationale, which explains how the courses included in the POE enable the student to fulfill the goals for the POE. Ultimately, the acceptance of an individualized POE will depend on the student's ability to justify that a particular combination of courses will allow him/her to reach the stated academic goals. Special attention should be devoted to the description of those goals and the rationale connecting them to the courses selected.

4.    Solicit from all of his/her advisors supporting comments attesting to the acceptability of the student's academic goals, the appropriateness of the course selections and rationale, and the overall coherence of the POE. Advisors' signatures without comments will not be sufficient.

5.    Submit the completed POE and the advisors' comments to the Registrar for approval and graduation clearance by the Curriculum Committee. Members of the committee will evaluate the appropriateness of the POE title, course selections, goal statement, and rationale.

Any POE that does not satisfy the requirements of a Designated POE is by definition, an Individualized POE and must therefore be accompanied by a goal statement and rationale. Advisors should pay particular attention to attempts which effectively weaken a Designated POE without contributing sufficient complementary breadth or depth.

Revision to was approved by the faculty, November 6, 2014. Program of Emphasis Dates

Sophomores must choose a designated POE or design an individualized POE and submit an appropriate POE statement to the Registrar by the second semester of the sophomore year.

Seniors must submit a faculty approved, final version of the POE to the Registrar on or prior to the preregistration period for the spring semester. No POE changes, other than those caused by scheduling conflicts, will be permitted after this period.

Motion passed by the faculty on May 16, 2013 to change

3.3.2 Internship Program Purpose

An internship is a structured learning situation where a student applies concepts learned in the classroom to the realities of an on-the-job experience. The primary purpose of an internship is to provide an educationally sound platform for the development of the student's human, social, and management skills through a field-based activity. Interns receive practical training and experience in a variety of settings through cooperatively arranged placements. Interns are placed in preprofessional, not menial, positions and work side-by-side with other employees or as "management trainees." Credit Versus Non-Credit Internships

Credit for internships is not given for work per se. Students apply theoretical concepts to the workplace and reassess ideas. Hence, academic credit is given for placing the preprofessional work experience in a conceptual and comparative context. The primary distinction between credit and non-credit internships is the degree to which students are required to reflect on their experiences. This distinction is reflected in the differences in the academic requirements, the degree of college supervision, the investment of college resources, and the student's payment for the receipt of credit.

With both credit and non-credit internships, placement is a coordinated responsibility of the internship staff, faculty members, and the students. In credit internships, the Academic Department is expected to lead the placement effort, while in non-credit internships, the internship staff takes the lead.

In the case of credit internships students may be compensated for internship work as long as the department and/or faculty sponsor believes that the college can maintain enough control of the internship experience to ensure its academic validity. Interns working in non-credit situations normally are compensated. Credit Internships Application Procedure

A student pursuing a credit internship must have a 2.00 cumulative average, junior or senior status, and be in good academic standing. Individual departments may set additional requirements, such as higher GPA requirements.

In order to apply for a credit internship, students must secure a placement position and recruit a faculty sponsor. All faculty sponsors must have faculty status. Students must also secure the approval of that sponsor's department/program chair. To apply, students obtain credit internship applications from the Career Services Office and present the internship "Learning Agreement Plan" to appropriate faculty members (their faculty sponsor, both advisors, and the department chair) for review. Upon approval, students next submit the plan to the Director of Career Services and the Registrar for final acceptance. Agency final acceptance contracts are developed as needed.

Revision to Section was approved bythe Faculty, May 16, 2013. Course Designation and Evaluation

Students must register for an internship and an internship seminar. In both cases the faculty sponsor determines the amount of credit to be awarded, which in turn determines the intensity of the experience. A semester internship carries a minimum of 4 credit hours (2 internship hours + 2 seminar hours) and a maximum of 15 credit hours (normally 9 + 6, except in cases where an outside accrediting agency requires otherwise, such as Social Work and Education in which the division of credits is decided by the appropriate department). Students can earn no more than 15 internship credits during their 4 years at Juniata, including a maximum of 6 hours in summer internship credits (unless more summer credits are necessary for certification in a particular area).

The faculty sponsor awards standard letter grades (A-F) for the internship and the internship seminar.

The internship is designated as course 490 in the appropriate department ("Internship") and carries 2 to 9 credits. Credit is awarded in proportion to time spent on the job according to the following figures:

2 credits               = 8 hours/week

3 credits               = 12 hours/week

4 credits               = 16 hours/week

5 credits               = 20 hours/week

6 credits               = 24 hours/week

7 credits               = 28 hours/week

8 credits               = 32 hours/week

9 credits               = 36 hours/week

Grading is based on the following criteria: regular supervision by the on-site supervisor; regular contact with the faculty sponsor including at least one on-site visit as practical; a written learning contract, where appropriate; at least one interim assessment conducted jointly by the student, the on-site supervisor, and the Juniata faculty sponsor; a final assessment conducted by all three individuals; a journal of activities; and, if appropriate, a portfolio of work completed.

The internship seminar is designated as course 495 in the same department ("Internship Seminar") for 2 to 6 credits. Credit for this course is awarded in proportion to time spent with the faculty sponsor as follows:

2 credits               = 6 contact or study hours/week

3 credits               = 9 contact or study hours/week

4 credits               = 12 contact or study hours/week

5 credits               = 15 contact or study hours/week

6 credits               = 18 contact or study hours/week

Grading for the seminar is based on regular contact with the faculty sponsor; an organizational profile or systems analysis; an extensive written project, paper, or program as arranged with and periodically reviewed by the faculty sponsor.

Examples of past seminar requirements are:

2 credits: journal of activities, outline of final paper, final paper, talk to student health group; journal of activities, portfolio, annotated bibliography, oral presentation; journal of activities, public presentation, short assignment, term paper; meet with faculty sponsor, submit copies of projects, descriptive analysis of operations at placement.

3 credits: journal of activities, annotated bibliography, research project and report, self-evaluation of performance, weekly meeting with sponsor; read 3 books, journal of activities, 15-20 page research paper; journal of activities, abstracts, outline of final paper, final paper, talk to student health group.

4 credits: journal of activities, 2 book reviews, outline of research paper, major research paper, weekly meetings with sponsor.

5 credits: journal of activities, weekly sponsor meeting, book review, 2 research projects.

6 credits: journal of activities, weekly meeting with sponsor, 3 major research projects.

The intern must fulfill any additional departmental requirements provided these requirements do not conflict with internship policies. Non-credit Internships Application

Individuals pursuing non-credit internships must have a cumulative average of 2.00.

For non-credit internships, students submit application materials to the Career Services Office until the file is complete. Agency or placement contracts are developed as needed. Course Designation and Evaluation

Upon successful completion of all necessary requirements, a non-credit internship unit appears on the academic transcript as course number 001 ("Internship" followed by the title as approved by the Internship Committee) in the appropriate department. Students may complete more than one non-credit internship and receive transcript notation each time (course 002, 003, etc.).

The Internship Committee oversees and evaluates non-credit interns, awarding grades of satisfactory ("S") or unsatisfactory ("U"). Evaluation is based on the following elements: a learning contract; contact with the Director of Career Services; regular supervision and final evaluation by the on-site supervisor; final evaluation by the intern; and a presentation upon completion of the internship experience.

Interns must fulfill any additional departmental requirements provided these requirements do not conflict with internship policies.

3.3.3 Summer Sessions Course Offerings

Summer Session academic programs are supervised by the Provost and Vice President for Student Development and administered by the Registrar. The number of courses offered and the size of the teaching staff are determined by the Summer Sessions' instructional budget which, in turn, is built upon the expected enrollment.

The Registrar is responsible for developing the schedule for the academic program. Faculty suggestions are solicited when the program is in the planning stages. No faculty member is permitted to teach more than two courses during the Summer unless the Registrar deems it necessary for a balanced academic program and no other qualified instructor is available.

The Academic Dean decides which courses are ultimately offered and will adjudicate difficulties not solved by negotiations with the Registrar.

Courses are expected to meet an average of 14 hours per session per semester hour of credit. Compensation

The Summer Sessions' budget is established by the Registrar in consultation with the Provost and Vice President for Student Development. The salary schedule is approved by the Provost and the President, and the Office of Personnel Services prepares all contracts for the instructional staff.

Faculty who offer tutorials, independent studies, and Credit-by-Examinations during the Summer and those who supervise field work while not on regular academic year contract will be paid a stipend for the work involved in giving such courses. Field work courses may sometimes be offered as a regular part of the Summer program. In these circumstances, the faculty member supervising the field work will be offered a regular contract if there is sufficient student enrollment in the field work course.

3.3.4 Graduate Programs Criteria for Graduate Programs

Juniata College’s standing committees will use the following criteria in their evaluation of proposals for graduate degree programs at Juniata.

1.    The graduate program must not change Juniata’s Carnegie classification, which is currently “Baccalaureate, Arts and Sciences.”

2.    Graduate programs must enhance the undergraduate program.

3.    Graduate programs must be financially viable. Master’s Degree in Accounting

Juniata College offers a Master’s Degree in Accounting. Students who complete the 32 credits in accounting proposed by the Department of Accounting, Business and Economics with a minimum Grade Point average of 3.0 will receive the degree, upon the recommendation of the Student Academic Development Committee and vote of the faculty. Changes to the curriculum for this program will require the approval of the Curriculum Committee.

The Executive Committee, acting as the Graduate Committee, will assess the Master’s Degree in Accounting program after three years, using the criteria in After five years, the Academic Planning and Assessment Committee will assess the program using those same criteria. After the five-year review by APAC, assessment of the Masters in Accounting will become a part of the regular APAC process as it applies to the department of Accounting, Business and Economics.

Policies and procedures regarding admission requirements, transfer credit issues, pricing, etc. will be determined administratively with the ongoing consultation of the Executive Committee.

3.3.5 Liberal Arts Symposium

The faculty agree to set aside a class day in the spring semester for students to present their research and artistic work to the campus community.  No classes will be held on this day to encourage the full participation of faculty and students.  The date will be selected, as far as possible, in such a way as to encourage students to apply and present at NCUR.  The executive committee will appoint a committee of faculty who will work with Tri-Beta to plan and organize the event.  The date of the spring event will be set prior to the end of the fall semester.  Faculty agree to attend and to encourage students to participate in and attend these presentations of student work.

Revision to 3.3 (Provost title) was approved by the faculty, November 6, 2014.