Required Courses = 29 credits

ESS-100 Environmental Systems I

This course introduces students to the concept of systems, reviews ecological systems, and then goes on to human systems as these impact the environment. The course will explore the two forces that are at the core of most environmental impacts (climate change, ozone depletion, air and water pollution, and a loss of biodiversity) will be explored as will the fundamental attributes of agriculture, food, soil, and water. Throughout, the influence of culture, society, ethics, and science on the environmental problems will be discussed. 

VariableYearly4 CreditsN, WK-SP, CTGISPre-Req or Co-Req: FYC-101 or EN-110 or EN-109


ESS-110 Environmental Systems II

This course introduces students to the concepts of environmental systems and sustainability, review of ecological systems, and human impact on the environment. Students will work on a restoration/conservation project with a community partner to improve soil/water resource quality in the community. Students will be introduced to scientific writing and write a scientific paper. 

VariableAll Years3 CreditsN, SW-LEPre-req or co-req: FYC-101 or EN-110 or EN-109. (NOTE: ESS-100 is not a prereq for ESS-110.)


GL-100A  Environmental Geology

Student perceptions of what constitutes geology have shifted. Contemporary students need to be made aware that geology IS the study of the physical environment of the earth and that a central part of what geologists do entails an exploration of how humans and the built environment both affect and are affected by the earth's physical/environmental system. While our previous title and description for this course, Introduction to Physical Geology, carried these implicit understandings, we find it important now to draw students' attention explicitly to the environmental character of our study of Earth.

Fall & SpringYearly3 CreditsN 


GL-101  Physical Geology Lab

This course provides opportunities to study geology in the laboratory and field. Concepts and methods covered in the lecture are reinforced. Specifically covered are mineral and rock identification, map interpretation and study of examples of earth processes from maps and in the field. Some field trips are required and a special fee is assessed. 

Fall & SpringYearly1 CreditNCorequisite or Prerequisite: GL100A.


GL-310 Structural Geology

The study of the deformation of the earth's crust. Field relationships, form, symmetry, and geometry of earth structures are stressed. Concepts of kinematic and dynamic analysis are presented so students are better prepared to interpret the origin of earth structures. Note: one laboratory per week, one or two extended field trips are required and a special fee is assessed. 

VariableYearly3 CreditsNPrerequisite: GL202.


GL-389 Geology Professional Seminar

Provides guidance and preparation to Junior class level Geology students in relation to their post-Juniata plans. Topics include resume writing, strategies involved in a job or graduate school search, preparation for credentialing exams, preparation for interviews, and networking. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing.

SpringYearly1 Credit  


GL-240 Geological Field Methods I

This course is an introduction to the geology of the Appalachians through teaching geologic methods in the field. The course will focus on developing field practice and using the information collected in the field to construct a scientific document. The course is composed of 8 local fieldtrips and 1 extended fieldtrip as well as many classroom exercises.

FallYearly4 CreditsN, CW, CTGISPrerequisite: GL100A. Note: A special course fee is assessed.


CH-142 Integrated Chemistry Principles I

An introduction to the principles of chemistry, this course begins a two semester sequence that integrates information from all aspects of chemistry while focusing on the core principles of the relationships between energy, the structure of atoms and molecules, and atomic and molecular properties and reactivity. Topics include energy, reactions, atomic structure, elemental properties, bonding, and molecular properties.

FallYearly3 CreditsNCorequisite CH143


CH-143 Integrated Chem Principles I Lab

This semester will focus on learning good laboratory practices, primarily through the quantitative analysis of compounds. The quantitative analysis of materials and an understanding of reproducibility and bias are relevant to many fields, including medical analysis or the analysis of contaminants in the environment. This course will also teach you how to keep an excellent laboratory notebook, identify safety hazards in the lab, and complete data analysis and graphing in Excel. All of these tools will serve you well in a variety of careers.

FallYearly1 CreditsN, QSCH142 is a corequisite of this course. A lab fee is associated with this course.


GL-126 Environmental Geochemistry

This course will introduce fundamental geologic process through a geochemical lens. Basic geochemical reactions involving water-rock interactions at both high and low temperatures will be considered. The class will focus on the environmental problems in atmosphere and continents. 

VariableVariable3 CreditsNPrereq: CH114.


--OR--


CH-144 Integrated Chemistry Principles II

An introduction to the principles of chemistry, this course completes a two semester sequence that integrates information from all aspects of chemistry while focusing on the core principles of the relationships between energy, the structure of atoms and molecules, and atomic and molecular properties and reactivity. Topics include thermodynamics, equilibrium reactions, acid/base and redox reactions, kinetics and nuclear reactions.

SpringYearly3 CreditsNPrerequisite: CH-142

--AND--

CH-145 Integrated Chemistry Principles II Lab

This semester will focus on learning good laboratory practices, primarily through the quantitative analysis of compounds. The quantitative analysis of materials and an understanding of reproducibility and bias are relevant to many fields, including medical analysis or the analysis of contaminants in the environment. This course will also teach you how to keep an excellent laboratory notebook, identify safety hazards in the lab, and complete data analysis and graphing in Excel. All of these tools will serve you well in a variety of careers.

SpringYearly1 CreditN, QSPrerequisite: CH-143. A lab fee is associated with this course.

Total credits = 29

Electives Courses (20-30 credits; at least 14 credits must be at the 300 or 400 level)

Societal Impacts (4-6)-- take two courses from:

GL-111 Oceanography

A survey of the physical, chemical, biological and geological environments of the ocean. Included are sea floor topography, composition and circulation of sea water and the life existing in the oceanic environments. 

FallYearly3 CreditsNField experience is offered and a special fee is assessed.


GL-172 Geology of National Parks

A Scientific Process course that explores geological processes that formed the landscape of the United States through the lens of our national parks. Students will learn how to read, use, interpret, and collect earth science data to approach scientific problems and public policy decisions. Field trip to National Park required unless course is taken online; special fee assessed for field trip.

Fall & SpringYearly3 CreditsN, WK-SPPRE-REQ: FYC 101.


ESS-337 Environmental Law

This course will examine the major environmental laws in the United States and major Supreme Court cases covering these statutes. The status covered will be National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), The Clean Water Act (CWA), The Clean Air Acr (CAA), The Endangered Species Act (ESA), Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), and The Toxic Substances Control Act (TOSCA), The Forest Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), and the Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act (SARA).

SpringYearly3 CreditsS, CTGISPrerequisites: PS101 and ESS100.


IC-231  Geoarchaeology

The course will introduce the cultural, historical and geological aspects of the field of geoarchaeology. The design of the course is to alllow you to practice the methods and sciecnce of the discipline through in class activities and hands-on experiences in the field. Our objectives are to improve observation skills, note taking skills in the field, organization and presentation of information.

SpringVariable4 CreditsIC 


IC-214  Global Climate Change

This course examines the science and politics of global climate change, including data and analyses in the assessment reports of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The course also examines how governments and other political actors craft and shape policies related to climate change. Special attention will be placed on the extent to which public policy is influenced by scientific evidence and political considerations.

VariableYearly3 CreditsICPrerequisites: EN110 or EN109. 


Quantitative (3-4)--take one course from:

BI-305 Biostatistics

This course deals centrally with quantitative and statistical methodology in the biological sciences. It includes experimental design and the conventions of generating, analyzing, interpreting and presenting biological data. Counts as a math course for graduate and professional school requirements.

FallYearly4 CreditsN, QS, CTGESPrerequisites: BI106 or ESS100


ESS-230 Environmetrics

This course is a survey of the various visual, statistical, and modeling approaches commonly used in the analysis of environmental data. The course covers: (1) visual literacy from exploratory data inquisition to poster creation; (2) elementary group comparison such as t-test and ANOVA and their non-parametric analogs;(3) basic systems modeling; and (4) regression modeling techniques based on the generalized linear model framework.

Fall & SpringYearly3 CreditsN, QS, CTGES, CTGISPrerequisites: Sophomore standing and permission of the instructor.


MA-130 Calculus I

An introduction to calculus including differentiation and integration of elementary functions of a single variable, limits, tangents, rates of change, maxima and minima, area, volume, and other applications. Integrates the use of computer algebra systems, and graphical, algebraic and numerical thinking.

Fall & SpringYearly4 CreditsN, QM


MA-220 Introduction to Probability & Statistics

An introduction to the basic ideas and techniques of probability theory and to selected topics in statistics, such as sampling theory, confidence intervals, and linear regression.

Fall & SpringVariable4 CreditsN, QS, CTGESPrerequisite: MA130


Depth (13-20)--take five courses from:

PC-202 Intro Physics I

A calculus-based introduction to the basic principles of mechanics (including periodic motion and dynamics), heat and thermodynamics, and special relativity. 

FallYearly3 CreditsN, QMCorequisite: PC-202L and Corequisite or Prerequisite: MA130.


PC-202L Intro Physics Lab I

This lab is a calculus-based introductory laboratory experience that is designed to accompany PC202. Individual experiments will correlate with the course, including kinematics, Newton's Laws, energy, and momentum. Note: A special fee is assessed. 

Fall & SpringYearly1 CreditNCorequisite: PC202.


PC-211  Environmental Physics

An introductory laboratory experience designed to accompany PC211. Individual experiment will focus on natural processes and environmental technologies using physical concepts from mechanics, energy, thermodynamics, electromagnetic radiation, atomic spectra, fluid flow, atmospheric processes, sound waves and radioactivity. Note: A special fee is assessed. 

SpringYearly1 CreditNCorequisites: PC211.

And PC-211 Lab


GL-210 Minerals

This course explores the building blocks of the Earth: minerals. Students will master mineral identification in hand-specimen and by optical microscope methods to conduct scientific inquiry. Emphasis is placed on mineral classification, crystal structure, chemical composition, physical properties, and stability. We also investigate the role of minerals in society and public policy. A lab fee is assessed.

VariableYearly4 CreditsN, WK-SPPre-req: FYC-101 or EN-110 or EN-109.


GL-304 Paleobiology of Invertebrates

Basic principles of paleontology and functional morphology of extant and extinct invertebrates are covered. These include identifying fossils and understanding their morphology and preservation in order to interpret ancient environments. Note: One laboratory per week and field trips are required and a special fee is assessed.

FallOdd Years4 CreditsNPrerequisites: GL202 or BI105.


GL-305 Hydrogeology

The study of the natural occurrence of water. Topics include: the hydrologic cycle, precipitation, stream flow, soil moisture, ground water occurrence, aquifer flow and testing chemical characteristics, contamination, development and management of ground-water resources. Note: Includes a field experience and a special fee is assessed.

FallOdd Years3 CreditsNPrerequisites: GL100 and GL101 and MA130 and 2 chemistry courses.


ESS-301 Environmental Methods

This course deals with a variety of environmental issues and problems. This includes the causes and the scientific and social backgrounds needed to understand them. It also introduces the student to the roles of scientists and engineers in dealing with them. The course involves both quantitative and qualitative assessments. 

Either SemesterYearly3 CreditsNPrerequisites: ESS100 and 1 year of chemistry or permission of the instructor.


ESS-310 Water Resources I

This course provides the student with a working overview of the hydrologic cycle, providing the student with the basic concepts of all aspects of hydrology. Particular emphasis is placed on the integrative nature of ecosystems within the watershed, including the interdependencies and driving forces of energy, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, and the land, and the biosphere.

FallYearly3 CreditsQM, NPrerequisites: ESS100.


ESS-324 Natural Resource Management

This course provides a comprehensive coverage of local, regional, national, and global resource and environmental issues from population growth to wetlands to sustainable agriculture and natural resource policies and legislation. It considers renewable and non-renewable resources such as water, land, soil, air, wildlife, and their associated habitats.

SpringVariable3 CreditsNPrerequisites: ESS100 and BI105 and BI121. A special course fee is as sessed.


ESS-330 Geographical Information Systems

This course is an introduction to a Geographical Information System (GIS), and the course objective is that students gain a basic, partial understanding of GIS concepts, technical issues, andapplications using Arc View GIS. It encourages thinking in spatial context. A diverse array of hands-on computer applicationsand projects are used to understand how geographical data can be analyzed spatially. Students explore analysis techniques in a problem basis learning approach using small team projects.

Fall & SpringYearly4 CreditsCTGISNote: A special course fee is assessed. Prerequisite: ESS100.


GL-401 Sedimentology

Focuses on the origin of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Included are sedimentary processes, depositional environments, post-depositional influences and sedimentary rock classification. Principles and methods of study including petrographic analysis are emphasized. Note: one laboratory per week, field trips are required, including a weekend trip, and a special fee is assessed.

FallEven Years4 CreditsNPrerequisite: GL202.


GL-405 Principles of Stratigraphy

Includes the description of sedimentary rocks in the stratigraphic column, methods of correlation, interpretation of the origin of rock units and the historical and philosophical development of the geologic time scale. Note: one laboratory per week, field trips are required and a special fee is assessed.

SpringOdd Years4 CreditsCW, NPrerequisite: GL202.


GL-450 Geological Research

The field or laboratory investigation of a specific geologic problem. Methodology and principles of interpretation are necessary for the successful completion of the course and a final report must be submitted. Student's specific research topic will be the title of the course on the student's transcript. May be completed multiple times for credit. 

Fall & SpringYearly1-6 CreditsNPrerequisite: permission of Geology faculty member.


Capstone experience (4)

GL-440 Geological Field Methods II

The course covers advanced geologic mapping of the Appalachians. It will focus on constructing geologic maps and cross-sections to develop an understanding of the rock record, geologic time, and the processes by which geologists reconstruct ancient tectonic and sedimentary events. The course is field based.

SpringVariable4 Credits Prerequisites: GL 240. Note: A special course fee will be applied.

Total credit hours: 49-59

Upper level credit hours (300, 400 level): 18-27
One CW within the POE: GL 240, Geological Field Methods
Total credit hours of research, independent study, and internships, etc: none

Possible Schedule for the POE

Regular start
1st year

Fall - ESS 100A, GL 100, GL 101
Spring - ESS 110, GL 100A, GL 101, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course

2nd Year

Fall - GL 202, ESS 310, CH 114, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course
Spring - GL 240, CH 115, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course

3rd Year

Fall - ESS 310, GL 389, Depth courses, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course
Spring - Depth courses, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course

4th Year

Fall - Depth courses, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course
Spring - Depth courses, GL 399

Delayed start:
2nd Year

Fall - ESS 100, GL 100A, GL 101, CH 114, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course
Spring - ESS 110, GL 100A, GL 101, CH 115, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course

3rd Year

Fall - GL 202, ESS 310, GL 389, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course
Spring - GL 240, Depth courses, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course

4th Year

Fall - Depth courses, Societal Impacts course, Quantitative course
Spring - Depth courses, & GL 440