What should you expect?

Biology is a diverse area of study. Understanding and connecting these diverse ideas requires a strong foundation in mathematics, chemistry and physics, and advance coursework that covers the breadth of Biology: cells and molecules, ecology and evolution, the systems that make living things work, as well as knowledge of the full diversity of organisms.

Juniata's Biology curriculum begins with two introductory courses that cover four basic core areas:

  • Evolution/Ecology
  • Organismal
  • Cell and molecular
  • Interactions (e.g. circulation, senses, etc. in plants and animals)


Two semesters of introductory lab are designed to introduce students to the concepts and laboratory techniques that are the basis of study of any biological area: electrophoresis of DNA and proteins, microscopy, and field research methods.

Interdisciplinary Study

Recognizing that a firm understanding of chemistry is essential to practicing biology, all biology students are required to complete a minimum of three semesters of chemistry: the introductory Organic Concepts I and II courses (and the accompanying laboratory courses) and introduction to Inorganic Chemistry.

The interdisciplinary nature of Biology results in large enrollments (90-110 students) in the Introductory Biology course sections. The freshman seminar, taken by students in the second semester, gives students the opportunity to meet with a Biology faculty member in small groups for an hour each week.

The introductory biology course work is completed in BI207: Dynamics of Biological Processes, which emphasizes energy balance and use in biological systems.

AP Exam Policy

Score of 4 or 5: student receives 3 credits of natural science elective. AP test does not give them BI 105 or BI 106 equivalency credit

A Sampling of Courses

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Developmental Biology
Environmental Toxicology
General Ecology*
Invertebrate Zoology*
Plant Morphology*
Reproductive Biology
Sensory Biology
Vertebrate Zoology*

*Indicates that the course is accompanied by a laboratory.