Required Core Courses (37-38 credits)

GL-100A  Environmental Geology

Student perceptions of what constitutes geology have shifted. Contemporary students need to be made aware that geology IS the study of the physical environment of the earth and that a central part of what geologists do entails an exploration of how humans and the built environment both affect and are affected by the earth's physical/environmental system. While our previous title and description for this course, Introduction to Physical Geology, carried these implicit understandings, we find it important now to draw students' attention explicitly to the environmental character of our study of Earth.

Fall & SpringYearly3 CreditsN 


GL-101  Physical Geology Lab

This course provides opportunities to study geology in the laboratory and field. Concepts and methods covered in the lecture are reinforced. Specifically covered are mineral and rock identification, map interpretation and study of examples of earth processes from maps and in the field. Some field trips are required and a special fee is assessed. 

Fall & SpringYearly1 CreditNCorequisite or Prerequisite: GL100A.


PC-120 Astronomy

An exploration of how mankind's understanding of the universe has evolved and is still developing. Early astronomy, planets sun, stellar evolution, and galaxies are covered with emphasis on mankind's confrontation with the unknown. The present day fascination with pulsars, quasars, extra-solar system planets, and black holes are discussed.

FallYearly3 CreditsN 


GL-210 Minerals

This course explores the building blocks of the Earth: minerals. Students will master mineral identification in hand-specimen and by optical microscope methods to conduct scientific inquiry. Emphasis is placed on mineral classification, crystal structure, chemical composition, physical properties, and stability. We also investigate the role of minerals in society and public policy. A lab fee is assessed.

VariableYearly4 CreditsN, WK-SPPre-req: FYC-101 or EN-110 or EN-109.


GL-300 Petrography

The petrographic examination of rocks in hand specimen and under the microscope. Identification of the principal types of igneous and metamorphic rocks and discussion of their chemical and mineralogical characteristics and tectonic setting is emphasized. Note: one laboratory per week, one or two major field trips are required, and a special fee is assessed.

FallYearly4 CreditsNPrerequisite: GL210.


GL-310 Structural Geology

The study of the deformation of the earth's crust. Field relationships, form, symmetry, and geometry of earth structures are stressed. Concepts of kinematic and dynamic analysis are presented so students are better prepared to interpret the origin of earth structures. Note: one laboratory per week, one or two extended field trips are required and a special fee is assessed. 

VariableYearly3 CreditsNPrerequisite: GL202.


GL-389 Geology Professional Seminar

Provides guidance and preparation to Junior class level Geology students in relation to their post-Juniata plans. Topics include resume writing, strategies involved in a job or graduate school search, preparation for credentialing exams, preparation for interviews, and networking. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing.

SpringYearly1 Credit  


GL-240 Geological Field Methods I

This course is an introduction to the geology of the Appalachians through teaching geologic methods in the field. The course will focus on developing field practice and using the information collected in the field to construct a scientific document. The course is composed of 8 local fieldtrips and 1 extended fieldtrip as well as many classroom exercises.

FallYearly4 CreditsN, CW, CTGISPrerequisite: GL100A. Note: A special course fee is assessed.


MA-130 Calculus I

An introduction to calculus including differentiation and integration of elementary functions of a single variable, limits, tangents, rates of change, maxima and minima, area, volume, and other applications. Integrates the use of computer algebra systems, and graphical, algebraic and numerical thinking.

Fall & SpringYearly4 CreditsN, QM


CH-142 Integrated Chemistry Principles I

An introduction to the principles of chemistry, this course begins a two semester sequence that integrates information from all aspects of chemistry while focusing on the core principles of the relationships between energy, the structure of atoms and molecules, and atomic and molecular properties and reactivity. Topics include energy, reactions, atomic structure, elemental properties, bonding, and molecular properties.

FallYearly3 CreditsNCorequisite CH143


CH-145 Integrated Chemistry Principles II Lab

This semester will focus on learning good laboratory practices, primarily through the quantitative analysis of compounds. The quantitative analysis of materials and an understanding of reproducibility and bias are relevant to many fields, including medical analysis or the analysis of contaminants in the environment. This course will also teach you how to keep an excellent laboratory notebook, identify safety hazards in the lab, and complete data analysis and graphing in Excel. All of these tools will serve you well in a variety of careers.

SpringYearly1 CreditN, QSPrerequisite: CH-143. A lab fee is associated with this course.


Required Education Courses

Credit hours = 40 (26 upper level)

ED-110 Foundations of Education

Discusses the historical and contemporary bases of major political, economic, legal, sociological, and psychological issues affecting public school systems. Students review current issues in education and write a personal philosophy statement.

Fall & SpringYearly3 CreditsSCorequisite: ED111.


ED-111 Foundations of Education Field Experience

Provides a classroom experience for freshmen and students who are interested in education to explore teaching as a career and observe the application of multiple philosophies, theories, and teaching strategies.

Fall & SpringYearly1 CreditSCorequisite: ED-110

This is a field experience course.*


ED-130 Adolescent Development

Examines human physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development from preadolescence through emerging adulthood. Topics include: identity, sexuality, and gender issues; emotional and behavioral challenges of adolescence, the impact of culture, language, and disability on adolescents, and the role of family, schools, and peers on development.

Fall & SpringYealy3 CreditsSEnrollment priority in this course is given to Education POEs.


ED-201 Educational Technology

Introduces educational technology and computer systems and their current applications in the classroom. Topics to be covered include office programs, Web 2.0 programs, multimedia programs, course management systems and web-page construction; classroom presentation software; use of assistive technology and software evaluation.

Either SemesterYearly3 CreditsSPrerequisites: ED110 and ED111 or ED101 and ED120 and ED121. ED130 may be taken as an alternate prerequisite for ED120/ED121 only.


ED-240 Introduction to Students With Exceptionalities

Introduces the culture of exceptionalities within the public special education system. Historical, philosophical, educational, and legal perspectives will be presented. Students will learn the categories of exceptionalities, general characteristics of individuals with exceptionalities eligibility criteria, and the referral process for special education services. Professional and community resources, inclusion and other current issues will be discussed.

Fall & SpringYearly3 CreditsSPrerequisites: ED110 and ED111 and ED120 and ED121 or ED130.


ED-314 English Language Learners

Focuses on the historical, legal, and cultural issues pertaining to meeting the educational needs of English language learners. Students are be introduced to research based best practices in instruction and assessment strategies for working with English language learners in the general education classroom setting.

Either SemesterYearly1 CreditSPrerequisite: ED120 or ED130.


ED-315 ELL Field Experience

Provide students with 30 hours of field experience and participation in a variety of multi-cultural and multi-lingual environments in order to broadentheir own experiences, prepare to teach English learners, and work with diverse families. Students accumulate required hours throughout their program, but they formally register for course credit during student teaching or their final semester at Juniata College.

Fall & SpringYearly1 CreditSPrerequisites: ED314. Graded S (satisfactory) or U(unsatisfactory).


ED-341 Adaptations for Students With Exceptionalities

The purpose of this course is to learn how to develop and manage effective inclusive learning environments for students with disabilities at the secondary level. Content will focus on the knowledge and skills necessary to create an instructional environment that communicates challenging expectations to students while utilizing and modifying research based instructional strategies/resources/technologies. Students will learn the critical components of effective collaboration with parents and professionals. Successful completion of a field experience in an educational setting is also a requirement.

SpringYearly4 CreditsCW, SPrerequisites: ED110, ED111 and ED240.

This is a field experience course.*


ED-419A Secondary Pre-Student Teaching

Secondary PRE-student-teaching practicum (1 credit): This is a required 80-hour minimum practicum in the linked placement where you will be going for student teaching. Students should plan to spend 4 consecutive hours in their placement each week.

Fall & SpringYearly1 CreditsSCo-requisite: ED 420. Note: Reliable transportation is REQUIRED.


ED-420 General Secondary Methods

Requires the application and practice of evaluation and assessment of learning and classroom management. Students are required to complete a field experience in their upcoming student teaching placement.

SpringYearly3 CreditsSPrerequisites: ED341 and junior or senior standing. Corequisite: ED419. Note: Students must have reliable transportation. (3.0 overall GPA required).


ED-423 Secondary Education Field Trip

Secondary Education Field Trip (1 credit): Join in an interdisciplinary course that will design and execute a field trip for local secondary students. This is a practical application course that will highlight the importance of field trips and provide an opportunity for designing and executing a successful field trip.

SpringYearly1 CreditS 


ED-450 Student Teaching

Student teaching is the capstone experience for students preparing for certification to teach in their content area(s). Students synthesize and apply knowledge of developmental theory, content, and teaching methodology as they design, implement, and evaluate learning experiences in an intensive internship in the classroom. Corequisite: ED451 and completion of all clearances and requirements. Note: A special fee is assessed. Secondary level student teaching is in the fall semester; PreK-4th, and foreign language education student teaching is in the spring semester. Students must have access to reliable transportation.

Fall & SpringYearly14 CreditsS 

Fall only **


ED-451 Student Teaching Seminar

In conjunction with student teaching, students attend weekly seminars that are led by the college supervisors. These meetings focus on professional topics and allow students to reflect upon and share their student teaching experience. In addition, students develop interviewing techniques, become familiar with employment seeking strategies, and develop a portfolio that includes but is not limited to a resume, a philosophy of education statement, lesson plans, and documentation of professional experiences.

Fall & SpringYearly1 CreditSCorequisite: ED450.

Fall only **


Total credit hours = 78-79

*There are field experiences in these courses. Students should take only one of these courses per semester. Allow a two-hour block of time for scheduled field experience twice a week.

**ED 450 & 451 (Student Teaching and Seminar) may be taken only in the FALL semester of the senior year. Secondary Foreign Language Education majors take ED 450 & 451 in the SPRING semester. ED 450 requires students' full-time participation and no other courses may be taken during this semester without the education advisors' approval. Students must have reliable transportation.

NOTE: It is imperative that students work closely with their advisors to meet all current certification requirements. All students are required to take six credits of English composition (or equivalent) and literature (or the equivalent) and two college level mathematics courses (or the equivalent) prior to being admitted to a certification program. See Section I of the Education Department Student Handbook for explanation of all certification requirements.