The following requirements lead to certification in Secondary Education in the state of Pennsylvania. The total credits for Secondary Education Social Studies add up to 98 or 99 credits.  You need an advisor in the History Department and an advisor in the Education Department.

General Academic Requirements
First Year Composition and one other English literature course and two mathematics courses, for 12 credits total. Students can take alternative mathematics courses if approved by advisor.

  • FYC: First Year Composition
  • One English Literature Course
  • MA 155 Heart of Mathematics (WK-FR)
  • MA 103 Quantitative Methods

Core Education Courses: all of the following for a total of 38 credits

ED-110 Foundations of Education

Discusses the historical and contemporary bases of major political, economic, legal, sociological, and psychological issues affecting public school systems. Students review current issues in education and write a personal philosophy statement.

3 CreditsSCorequisite: ED111.


ED-111 Foundations of Education Field Experience

Provides a classroom experience for freshmen and students who are interested in education to explore teaching as a career and observe the application of multiple philosophies, theories, and teaching strategies.

1 CreditSCorequisite: ED-110


ED-130 Adolescent Development

Examines human physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development from preadolescence through emerging adulthood. Topics include: identity, sexuality, and gender issues; emotional and behavioral challenges of adolescence, the impact of culture, language, and disability on adolescents, and the role of family, schools, and peers on development.

3 CreditsSEnrollment priority in this course is given to Education POEs.


ED-201 Educational Technology

Introduces educational technology and computer systems and their current applications in the classroom. Topics to be covered include office programs, Web 2.0 programs, multimedia programs, course management systems and web-page construction; classroom presentation software; use of assistive technology and software evaluation.

3 CreditsSPrerequisites: ED110 and ED111 or ED101 and ED120 and ED121. ED130 may be taken as an alternate prerequisite for ED120/ED121 only.


ED-240 Introduction to Students With Exceptionalities

Introduces the culture of exceptionalities within the public special education system. Historical, philosophical, educational, and legal perspectives will be presented. Students will learn the categories of exceptionalities, general characteristics of individuals with exceptionalities eligibility criteria, and the referral process for special education services. Professional and community resources, inclusion and other current issues will be discussed.

3 CreditsSPrerequisites: ED110 and ED111 and ED120 and ED121 or ED130.


ED-314 English Language Learners

Focuses on the historical, legal, and cultural issues pertaining to meeting the educational needs of English language learners. Students are be introduced to research based best practices in instruction and assessment strategies for working with English language learners in the general education classroom setting.

1 CreditSPrerequisite: ED120 or ED130.


ED-315 ELL Field Experience

Provide students with 30 hours of field experience and participation in a variety of multi-cultural and multi-lingual environments in order to broadentheir own experiences, prepare to teach English learners, and work with diverse families. Students accumulate required hours throughout their program, but they formally register for course credit during student teaching or their final semester at Juniata College.

1 CreditSPrerequisites: ED314. Graded S (satisfactory) or U(unsatisfactory).


ED-341 Adaptations for Students With Exceptionalities

The purpose of this course is to learn how to develop and manage effective inclusive learning environments for students with disabilities at the secondary level. Content will focus on the knowledge and skills necessary to create an instructional environment that communicates challenging expectations to students while utilizing and modifying research based instructional strategies/resources/technologies. Students will learn the critical components of effective collaboration with parents and professionals. Successful completion of a field experience in an educational setting is also a requirement.

4 CreditsCW, SPrerequisites: ED110, ED111 and ED240.


ED-420 General Secondary Methods

Requires the application and practice of evaluation and assessment of learning and classroom management. Students are required to complete a field experience in their upcoming student teaching placement.

3 CreditsSPrerequisites: ED341 and junior or senior standing. Corequisite: ED419. Note: Students must have reliable transportation. (3.0 overall GPA required).


ED-450 Student Teaching

Student teaching is the capstone experience for students preparing for certification to teach in their content area(s). Students synthesize and apply knowledge of developmental theory, content, and teaching methodology as they design, implement, and evaluate learning experiences in an intensive internship in the classroom. Corequisite: ED451 and completion of all clearances and requirements. Note: A special fee is assessed. Secondary level student teaching is in the fall semester; PreK-4th, and foreign language education student teaching is in the spring semester. Students must have access to reliable transportation.

14 CreditsS 


ED-451 Student Teaching Seminar

In conjunction with student teaching, students attend weekly seminars that are led by the college supervisors. These meetings focus on professional topics and allow students to reflect upon and share their student teaching experience. In addition, students develop interviewing techniques, become familiar with employment seeking strategies, and develop a portfolio that includes but is not limited to a resume, a philosophy of education statement, lesson plans, and documentation of professional experiences.

1 CreditSCorequisite: ED450.


The following requirements are for students entering in Fall 2018 and later.

Social Studies Core Courses: 38 or 39 credits total

History:

HS-152 World Civilizations From 1500

This course will trace the development of world civilizations from the 16th century to the present.

3 CreditsH, I 


HS-115 United States to 1877

Concentrates on the broad sweep of U.S. history from colonial beginnings through Reconstruction using a variety of perspectives and sources. The ideas and realities of freedom shape nearly every part of our lives. How did this develop in the United States from its earliest European settlements to the aftermath of the Civil War? HS-115 focuses on this central theme of freedom - how people have defined and pursued it, as well as expanded and restricted it, in different places. You will also learn how to analyze primary sources (those created during the time period under study)and apply a historical perspective to issues that shape your life today.

3 CreditsH 


HS-116 The U.S. Since 1877

This course uses original documents, novels, and other sources to explore the interrelationships between domestic and foreign affairs and to examine the consequences of actions taken at the national and local level.

3 CreditsH 


Select one of the following courses:

HS-109 China and Japan to 1800

Introduces students to the major themes in the histories of China and Japan from antiquity to about 1800. Special emphasis will be paid to the religious and philosophical foundations of Confucian civilization. $110 course fee for overnight trip to New York City, Washington, DC or Philadelphia for visit to a major art museum. Trip fee includes Asian dinner, transportation & accommodations.

3 CreditsH, I 


HS-201 Samurai Legends & Lives

In this course, students analyze the ways in which the mythic images of the samurai warriors of Japan have been constructed in both Japan and the West. Students will read medieval Japanese war tales, administrative and legal documents, memoirs and reminiscences, puppet plays, and view films to understand how these ideas and images were created, and changed, through time.

3 CreditsCA, H, IPrerequisites: EN110 or EN109.


HS-367 Women in Africa

This course will provide students with an understanding of women in sub-Saharan African cultures, their history, traditions, diversity, resilience and adaptability. To do this we will be looking at social structure, kinship networks, economic systems, gender relations, ethnicity and ethnic conflicts, traditional religion, the HIV/AIDS epidemic and other health issues.

3 CreditsCA, H, I, CTDH 


Civics and Government:

PS-101 Introduction to American Government

An introduction to the theory and practice of American government. The course surveys the underlying structure of American politics, its economic, cultural and legal foundations and the daily practice of politics, e.g. groups, parties, and the mass media. Students are asked to develop an account of American politics and to assess the principal features of political life in the United States according to the standards they have framed.

4 CreditsS 


PS-102 Introduction to International Politics

Analyzes the principles and practice of international relations and the foreign policy of the United States, political, diplomatic, military and economic.

4 CreditsS, I 


Economics:

EB-105  International Economic Issues

Understanding international economics is increasingly important for private and public decision-makers. In a world of growing economic interdependence, the ability of policy makers to provide a stable environment for business is a key issue. Accordingly, this course develops the principle topics of international economics, including trade theory, the balance of payments, the cause and consequences of exchange rate movements, the flow of capital, currency crises and regional trade issues. The applied topics emphasized will be based on the most pressing current issues.

3 CreditsS,I 


Anthropology:

AN-151  Introduction to Anthropology

Dedicated to the proposition that there are many ways of being human, all of which are adaptations to particular sets of environmental and historical conditions. Trends and highlights of the human experience, both physical and cultural, are studied from a sociocultural perspective.

3 CreditsS,I 


Psychology:

PY-101 Introduction to Psychology

An overview of the content and methodology in the field. Topics such as the history of psychology, physiological psychology, learning and memory, perception, motivation, child development, personality and social foundations are considered

3 CreditsS 


Sociology:

SO-101 Introduction to Sociology

The study of human social groups and the social processes that lead to both structural and cultural integration and differentiation primarily within contemporary American society.

3 CreditsS 


HS-293 Sophomore Colloquium

This colloquium exposes students to employment opportunities available to them through the study of history. It focuses upon the development of the skills necessary for success in the history classroom. The Sophomore Colloquium is designed for students with strong interest in history, including education students and students with secondary emphases in history.

3 CreditsH, CWPre-requisites: sophomore standing and two courses in History or permission of the instructor.


Knowledge In-Depth

Students must take THREE “Knowledge in depth courses” from the following list, for a total of 9 credits.  One of these classes must be outside the United States.

HS-305 The American Revolution

The American Revolution reshaped the world by spreading the idea of independence, and it continues to influence our lives in every way, from debating the rights of citizenship to including Hamilton on your playlist. HS-305 examines the origins and consequences of the American Revolution. The central questions include: What caused the American Revolution? How did the United States win the War of Independence? What resulted from the American Revolution? Class activities include extensive discussion, reading, and a role-playing game.

4 CreditsH, CW, WK-HT 


HS-309 Civil War and Reconstruction

Examines the political, social, military, economic and ideological origins and consequences of the Civil War and Reconstruction. The course looks deeply into several important questions. What caused the Civil War? Why was the Union victorious? Why did the war proceed as it did? What was the nature and legacy of reconstruction? What does this period in our history mean to us now?

3 CreditsH, CW, CTDHPrerequisites: HS115 or HS116 and SO, JR, or SR standing.


HS-272 Natives & Colonists in Early N. America

Love, hate, fear, confusion, respect, admiration, wonder: these are just some of the powerful feelings that infused the relationships between Native Americans and European colonists, and that shaped the history of North America from about 1500 to the eve of the American Revolution. Through extensive discussion, reading, writing, and a role-playing game, HS-272 will help you understand relationships that still affect American society today.

3 CreditsH, CW, SW-US 


HS-322 Women's Lives-Medieval Europe

What could medieval women do? What was it like to be a nun? Who were witches? There are many interesting questions to ask about women in the middle ages, their choices and their experiences. In this three-hour course we will address them through firsthand accounts from biographies, personal diaries, and literature.

3 CreditsH, CWPrerequisite: HS104 or permission of instructor.


HS-305 The American Revolution

The American Revolution reshaped the world by spreading the idea of independence, and it continues to influence our lives in every way, from debating the rights of citizenship to including Hamilton on your playlist. HS-305 examines the origins and consequences of the American Revolution. The central questions include: What caused the American Revolution? How did the United States win the War of Independence? What resulted from the American Revolution? Class activities include extensive discussion, reading, and a role-playing game.

4 CreditsH, CW, WK-HT 


HS-299 Special Topics

Offers supplements to the regular departmental program, exploring topics and areas not regularly scheduled. Note: Students may take each ST: course for credit.

1-4 Credits  


HS-316 WWII in Asia and Pacific

Students will study Japan's war in Asia & the Pacific (1937-45), China's War to Resist Japanese Aggression (1937-45) and the US in the Pacific War (1941-45), all part of the larger world-historical conflict. The war will be examined from the perspectives of the main combatants, but also from the perspective of colonial subjects, and from the points of view of elites and commoners. Much attention will be paid to roles of race and culture in (mis-)understandings of " the enemy. "

3 CreditsI, H 


HS-262 North American Environmental History

Our troubling relationship with the natural world might well be the most important issue human societies will face in your lifetime. HS-262 examines one root of this relationship: how and why we have shaped, and been shaped by, different North American environments over time. Through discussion, lectures, readings, and films, we will examine the social, cultural, economic, and political spheres of these human activities since the fifteenth century.

3 CreditsH 


HS-312 The New South: 1877-1990

This seminar will cover the years 1877-1900 and explore the themes on the cultural, political, economic and social history of the U.S. South. Among the important questions covered in the class are: What is the South? How did the South change through significant events such as the Populist movement, the rise of Jim Crow, the Great Depression, the second World War, economic development, and the Civil Rights movement. We will ask how the South's arts, especially music, reflect its history and culture.

3 CreditsHPrerequisites: HS116 or permission of the instructor.


HS-325 The U.S. Since 1945

Covers the social, political and economic history since the Second World War. Themes include: the Cold War, suburbanization, the rise of consumer society, and more.

3 CreditsHPrerequisite: HS116.


HS-306 People's Republic of China

This course is an upper-level seminar on the history of the Chinese Communist Party and the People's Republic of China. This is a College Writing course (CW), so a principle aim of the course is to instruct students in the techniques of writing papers in history. Work in the course will culminate in a term paper on a topic in 20th-century Chinese History. To that end, considerable effort will be spent in introducing students to tools and strategies for understanding the English-language historiography of Modern China. Some prior knowledge of Chinese history and civilization is recommended.

4 CreditsI, H, CW 


HS-326 Modern China

China over the past hundred years has played a major role in global affairs and is positioned to remain a dominant presence well into the 21st century. This course examines the rise of modern China focusing on its transition from a traditional Confucian state to a potent economic and political power.

3 CreditsH, I 


HS-367 Women in Africa

This course will provide students with an understanding of women in sub-Saharan African cultures, their history, traditions, diversity, resilience and adaptability. To do this we will be looking at social structure, kinship networks, economic systems, gender relations, ethnicity and ethnic conflicts, traditional religion, the HIV/AIDS epidemic and other health issues.

3 CreditsCA, H, I, CTDH 


HS-327 Modern Japan

This course traces the history of Japan's rise as a modern nation state beginning with the Meiji Restoration of 1868 up to the present with an emphasis on the cultural, economic and political factors which aided the rapid industrialization in the nineteenth century, Japanese imperialism in the first half of the twentieth century, and Japan's economic " miracle " in postwar Japan.

3 CreditsH, I 


HS-313 Disease, Medicine & Empire

Disease, Medicine and Empire will explore the intersections of disease, medicine, and race in European empires in the nineteenth and twentieth century.

3 CreditsCA, I, H, CTGES 


HS-324 Gendering the Raj

This course looks at the real and symbolic roles that British and Indian women and men played in colonial India, providing an opportunity to explore wider theoretical issues relating to race, sex, gender, colonialism, and culture.

3 CreditsCA, I, H 


HS-400 Crimes Against Humanity

This course explores the emergence, evolution, varieties, underlying causes, and means of confronting and coming to terms with genocide and other crimes against humanity. During the course of the semester, we will examine a range of historical contexts and we will also confront tough questions about ethics, resistance, and responsibility. 

4 CreditsI, HPrerequisites: Junior or Senior standing. Sophomores require permission.


HS-314 Medieval Medicine

Despite our popular understanding of the European middle ages as a dirty, disease-ridden, hopelessly backward period, the sources show us quite a different picture. Although a lack of understanding of the means of genetic change and the cause of viral and bacterial disease caused medieval people to understand the human body very differently than we do, that system was not without its logic and efficacy. This course will explore the human body and its diseases in the middle ages through a series of connected readings that introduce the body as a conceptual system and medieval science's attempts to understand it. We will then look at the growing field of genomic research as a way of understanding and comparing our modern systems of understanding the body.

3 CreditsH, CW, CTGES 


PS-313 Congress and Presidency

Examines the intellectual and constitutional foundations of Congress and the Presidency, and the evolution of their powers and responsibilities. The course also explores how, through cooperation and confrontation, the institutions make decisions about war and peace, spending, and taxation. 

4 CreditsS, CWPrerequisite: PS101.


PS-318 Parties, Elections & Campaigns

Examines the role political parties and elections play in democratic theory and practice in the U.S. Topics include party systems in the U.S., history, party organization, comparisons with parties in other countries, electoral competition, and elite mass linkages. Contemporary issues such as campaign finance, campaign strategy, and the role of the mass media are also explored. 

3 CreditsSPrerequisite: PS101.


Requirements for Social Studies Secondary Education:

Math and English Core:  12 credits

Education Core:  38 credits

Social Studies Core: 38 or 39 credits

Knowledge in Depth: 9 credits

Total Certification Credits: 97-98