Department Website:

https://www.juniata.edu/academics/departments/languages/

Faculty:

  • Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (French) Yannis Boukhitine - ext. 3416
  • Associate Professor Michael Henderson (French and International Studies) - ext. 3497

  • Associate Professor Judith Benz (German) - ext. 3496

  • Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (German) Maik Obringer - ext. 3406

  • Professor James Roney (Russian and International Studies) - ext. 3495

  • Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (Russian) Daria Smyslova - ext. 5331

  • Associate Professor Amy Frazier-Yoder (Spanish) - ext. 3660

  • Associate Professor Holly Hayer (Spanish) - ext. 3498

  • Professor Henry Thurston-Griswold (Spanish) (chair) - ext. 3499

  • Instructor Jingxia Yang-Stiffler (Chinese) - ext. 3669

  • Instructor Elliott Hirshon (English as a Second Language) - ext. 3156

  • Lecturer Claire Holzner (English as a Second Language) - ext. 3156

  • Assistant Professor Deborah Roney (Director of Language in Motion) - ext. 3493

Background Information:

The study of languages and cultures has always been an integral part of the liberal arts. The globalization of markets, of international problems, and even of individual lives has made the knowledge of more than one language and culture an essential skill. By teaching students to communicate in another language and to function successfully in another culture, the Department of World Languages and Cultures helps them acquire a respect for human diversity, an awareness of the purposes and possibilities of different forms of expression, and the experience and skills necessary to pursue graduate study or a variety of careers in education, business, information technology, government, and other areas. The study of literature and culture enables students to read with insight, to think and express themselves clearly, and to judge international issues and individual behaviors with a compassionate understanding of how the human condition varies across cultures. To prepare international students for success in both academic and professional settings, the English for Academic Purposes program offers courses in English as a Second Language (ESL) at Intermediate through Advanced levels of proficiency. 

Special programs, facilities, or equipment:

  • Small class sizes
  • Proficiency-based instruction

  • Global Village living and learning communities

  • Language clubs and conversation tables

  • Excellent study abroad and international internship programs

Programs of Emphasis:

  • French
  • German
  • Russian
  • Spanish/Hispanic Cultures
  • K-12 certification in French, German, and Spanish
  • K-12 dual certification in any two of the above languages

Individualized Programs of Emphasis

Students have designed interdisciplinary Programs of Emphasis which combine advanced study in French, German, Russian, or Spanish with disciplines such as:

  • Art History/Museum Studies
  • Environmental and Natural Sciences
  • Health and Allied Health Professions
  • History
  • International Business
  • International Relations
  • Peace and Conflict Studies
  • Politics
  • Social Work

Secondary Emphasis:

  • Requirements: Minimum of 15 credit hours in the target language beyond the third-semester level, selected in consultation with advisors.


Specific department policy:

IC/CA Waiver:  The Interdisciplinary Colloquium and Cultural Analysis requirements will be waived for students who successfully complete a world language course beyond the 210 level in the target language and a semester or more of study abroad in the target language and culture.

AP Credit: Incoming students who have received a score of 4 or better on the Advanced Placement Exam and who enroll in an intermediate or advanced foreign-language course during their first year at Juniata College may receive up to four hours of AP credit.

 

Courses:

English as a Second Language

ESL-100   English Writing and Composition (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is gaining fluency and confidence in written communication and becoming comfortable as writers. The process of writing multiple drafts through revision will be applied to weekly one-page reaction papers and three longer essays.

ESL-101   Listening and Speaking (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is developing English for academic and social situations. Students will improve their speaking and listening abilities in the classroom through group and pair activities, pronunciation practice, and project work. Opportunities to interact with native English speakers outside of the classroom are presented and encouraged through surveys, interviews, a listening log and informal conversation. Students will also be required to participate in the Conversation Partner Program.

ESL-102   Reading and Study Skills (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is building reading skills and strategies needed to understand and discuss short articles as well as longer reading assignments. These skills include improving reading rate, building comprehension, and expanding student's vocabulary. This course also focuses on developing the skills required for success in the classroom: managing time effectively, adjusting learning styles, producing spoken and written summaries, note-taking, etc.

ESL-103   Grammar in Use-Level 1 (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is using acceptable and appropriate grammar with speaking and listening. Students will review grammatical structures of the English language through dialogues, interviews and short presentations. Grammar will be presented as a system to help students understand the patterns of the language.

ESL-117A   J.C.U.P(jc) (Summer; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) This course will introduce the reading and writing skills important to success as a college student in a North American academic context. Students will learn to critically analyze reading text, and synthesize information into writing assignments while applying research and revision skills. Strategies to improve your reading rate and comprehension, management of time and answering exam questions will be included. Students that register for this course are planning on attending Juniata College.

ESL-117B   J.C.U.P.(Non-JC) (Summer; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) This course will introduce the reading and writing skills important to success as a college student in a North American academic context. Students will learn to critically analyze reading text, and synthesize information into writing assignments while applying research and revision skills. Strategies to improve your reading rate and comprehension, management of time and answering exam questions will be included. Students who register for this course will not be attending Juniata College.

ESL-118A   Crossing Cultures(JC) (Summer; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) This course focuses on cultural learning-an ongoing process of communicating and interacting with individuals from other cultural backgrounds. Students will become more aware of themselves as cultural beings and learn about intercultural phenomena that will help them to interact in culture different from their own. The culture and expectations of the American college/university system will also be discussed. Students registering for this course are planning on attending Juniata College.

ESL-118B   Crossing Cultures(Non-JC) (Summer; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) This course focuses on cultural learning-an ongoing process of communicating and interacting with individuals from other cultural backgrounds. Students will become more aware of themselves as cultural beings and learn about intercultural phenomena that will help them to interact in culture different from their own. The culture and expectations of the American college/university system will also be discussed. Students registering for this course are not planning on attending Juniata College.

ESL-119A   Communicating English(JC) (Summer; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) Students will improve ability to understand English and build confidence and fluency in speaking. Examine conversational strategies such as how to begin and end a conversation, active listening, participation in a class discussion and norms of turn-taking in a conversation. Students will survey local people and give a formal oral presentation as part of a group community research project. Students registering for this course are planning on attending Juniata College.

ESL-119B   Communicating English(Non JC) (Summer; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) Students will improve ability to understand English and build confidence and fluency in speaking. Examine conversational strategies such as how to begin and end a conversation, active listening, participation in a class discussion and norms of turn-taking in a conversation. Students will survey local people and give a formal oral presentation as part of a group community research project. Students registering for this course are not planning on attending Juniata College.

ESL-150   Academic Writing (Either Semester; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is developing writing fluency, as well as helping students find their own writing styles. Students will explore and apply the writing process, including brainstorming, organizing, writing drafts, proofreading, and revising. In and out of class activities will include reviewing and analyzing their own writing as well as that of their classmates, organizing a portfolio, and writing three main essays exploring different academic writing forms.

ESL-151   Conversation and Discussion (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is learning and strengthening the skills of conversation and discussion often used on the campuses of North American colleges and universities. Students will more fully develop awareness of different academic and social situations which will require different levels of politeness and personal attention. Activities will include a reflective listening journal, note taking, and in-class presentations/speeches.

ESL-152   Reading and Vocabulary Development (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is developing specific strategies for improving reading comprehension and rate by using authentic materials: media and college-related texts. Vocabulary development will be an important component of the class, so that the students are better able to understand complex written information. Through on-campus interviews and discussion groups, students will understand the norms and expectations of the U.S. academic environment.

ESL-153   Grammar in Use-Level II (Either Semester; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is improving knowledge and use of written grammar as it applies to North American colleges and universities. Through the student's writings various grammatical structures will be explicitly examined, practiced, and applied. Although the focus of the course is grammar in writing, spoken grammar will also be covered through class discussions.

ESL-155   Clear Speech (Either Semester; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) The focus of this course is improving English pronunciation with an introduction to U.S. accent variations and other factors influencing cross-cultural communication. Students will identify individual pronunciation features such as specific sounds, stress, intonation, rhythm, etc. Students will work to achieve greater comfort and clarity with spoken English.

ESL-170   Academic Writing II (Fall & Spring; All Years; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this course is on improving academic writing skills needed to write more structured and complex essays in English. This course will guide students from more formulaic writing to more comprehensive writing by developing skills to express arguments clearly and with strong support. Timed-writings and peer-evaluations are strong components of the course as well.

ESL-179   Academic Writing Ii: Lab (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) This course, in combination with ESL 170, will develop your academic writing skills through a focus on writing process. You will focus on the stages of brainstorming, topic selection, outlining, sourcing, composing and editing. Through close interaction with the teacher and assistants, you will learn the skills to be able to write more complex and expressive essays in English.

ESL-180   ESL CWS Lab (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1.00 Credit) This course is for first semester students in ESL 170 High Intermediate Academic Writing II and ESL 250 Advanced College Writing. The ESL students in this one credit course will participate in a regular EN110 CWS Lab with other first semester Juniata students. The purpose is to allow the ESL students access to the same introductory information and experiences offered all other Juniata students. Students who successfully complete this course will have the option of not completing the lab requirements when they take EN109 or EN110. Corequisite: ESL170 or ESL250.

ESL-192   Advanced ESL Reading (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) ESL 192 Advanced ESL Reading is an integrated skills content-based course designed to strengthen the development of college level reading skills to allow students to successfully navigate readings in academic courses. Students will work with an authentic textbook and supplemental materials to explore various text modes, strategies of understanding, and methods of meaning negotiation. Pre-requisites: ESL152 or permission.

ESL-199   Special Topics (Either Semester; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) The IEP can offer special courses based on student and program needs.

ESL-200   Amer: Ntn of Immigrants (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this content-based course is exploring American values and the changing influences of different immigrant groups to America. The language focus is applying reading and writing skills, developing group interaction skills, and improving listening and speaking skills. Students also broaden their understanding of American culture by participating in a weekly volunteer project and by working with American reading partners.

ESL-201   Egg to Ancestor: a Study of Culture (Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) The focus of this content-based course is exploring life stages beginning with birth and ending with death as these ideas relate to the student's own and other cultures. Through the content, students will study and practice a wide variety of English language learning topics. American reading partners enrich the student's cultural understanding.

ESL-202   Advanced ESL Reading (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; SWGLS) ESL 202: Advanced ESL Reading is designed to strengthen college level reading skills and help students learn to analyze readings from multiple points of view. Novels and other texts will provide the context for us to articulate and contrast the values, beliefs, or practices of different cultures and describe global challenges and ways different cultures address them.

ESL-211   Advanced Listening and Speaking Seminar (Either Semester; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; CS,SWGLS) High-level listening and speaking skills are needed to participate in North American college classrooms. This course is linked with a 3-credit, 100-level course and students earn credits for both courses. Through group discussion, oral presentations, video and an off-campus lab with Language in Motion, students improve their language skills and gain an understanding of content. Requisites: Take a linked 100-level course (speak to instructor).

ESL-212   Advanced College Reading: Mockingbirds Abound (Either Semester; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; CW) The focus of this course is exploring racism and discrimination in the deep south of the US from slavery to the 1960s. Students refine and practice reading skills and strategies necessary to understand authentic texts of increasing complexity. These skills include improving reading rate, applying new vocabulary in short weekly essay quizzes, and analyzing materials critically. Students read one novel and submit weekly written critical analyses on related articles, films, and lectures. They also participate in a book club with native English speakers which they regularly reflect upon in a written journal.

ESL-250   College Writing (Either Semester; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; CW) The focus of this course is to enable students to write proficiently and confidently at a high level equal to American college students. Students will complete four essays which represent those most frequently written by college students. They will learn specific organizational strategies and elements of style which match North American academic expectations. Multiple revisions will be complemented by conferences with the instructor, Writing Center tutors, and peer-editing.

ESL-259   College Writing: Lab (Fall & Spring; All Years; 1.00 Credit) This course will improve your academic writing skills by developing your written process. In collaboration with the teachers and assistants, you will work on essays from ESL 250 focusing on the many stages of writing, including brainstorming, outlining, sourcing, composing, editing, re-writing, and peer-review. You will learn the process to write more complex and expressive essays in English.

ESL-299   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) The IEP can offer special courses based on student and program needs.

ESL-TUT   ESL Teaching Assistant (1.00-4.00 Credits)

Chinese

CN-110   Chinese I (Fall; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I) Begins the introductory phase of acquiring a functional proficiency in modern Chinese. Special attention is paid to spoken Chinese.

CN-120   Chinese II (Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) CHINESE 120, A CONTINUATION OF 110, IS THE SECOND HALF OF A YEAR-LONG BEGINNING LEVEL COURSE IN MODERN STANDARD (MANDARIN) CHINESE. THIS COURSE IS DESIGNED FOR STUDENTS WHO HAVE COMPLETED ONE SEMESTER OF COLLEGE-LEVEL CHINESE OR EQUIVALENT. ITS GOAL IS TO LAY A GOOD FOUNDATION FOR FURTHER STUDY, AND TO STRIVE FOR AN ALL-ROUND DEVELOPMENT OF COMMINICATIVE COMPETENCE IN LISTENING, SPEAKING, READING AND WRITING IN MANDARIN CHINESE IN THE CONEXT OF CHINESE CULTURE. PREREQ: CN110 or LANGUAGE PLACEMENT RESULTS.

CN-210   Chinese III (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) Chinese 210 is the third part of a four-semester introductory sequence. This course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Chinese. It will continue to train students in pronunciation and tone accuracy, to help them review and strengthen the basic syntax and grammar, build a working vocabulary around various daily situations, and further enhance their understanding of Chinese life and culture. Pre-req: CN110 and 120, or placement test results.

CN-220   Chinese IV (Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) Chinese 220 is the second part of the Intermediate Standard Mandarin Chinese course. To attend this course, successful completion of Chinese 110, 120, and 210 or equivalent are required. this course will continue to focus on oral proficiency as well as on the further development of reading, writing, and listening skills in the context of Chinese Culture. Students will attain approximately the Intermediate-low level on the ACTFL-ETS (American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages) proficiency scale. Prerequisites: CN110 and CN120 and CN210.

CN-330   Advanced Chinese (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; I,H,CS) This is a high-intermediate to advanced Chinese language conversation course that also integrates Chinese reading and writing skills. The course uses videos, audio clips and textbook readings to present different cultural, social, linguistic, and economics topics in Chinese language. Students will gain a deeper understanding of both Chinese language and modern Chinese society. Prerequisites: CN110 and CN120 and CN210 and CN220.

CN-399   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I) Allows departments to offer topics not normally taught. Fees and requisites change by topic.

French

FR-110   French I (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I) Emphasizes the four communicative skills (speaking, reading, writing, and listening) focusing on the context of everyday life. Note: " Students may receive H or I credit provided that they have not taken more than two years of the language at the secondary-school level.

FR-120   French II (Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) This class is intended for students who have completed FR 110 or its equivalent. In addition to learning and practicing basic communication skills in French, students will study some of the cultural foundations and practices of the French-speaking world. Instruction is entirely in French. PRE-REQ: FR 110 or equivalent.

FR-210   French III (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) This is the third course in a the three-semester sequence of beginning and intermediate French. Students will learn and practice more advanced grammatical structures and vocabulary to communicate more spontaneously and fluently with other speakers of French. PRE-REQ: French 120 or equivalent.

FR-230   Conversation (Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) This course focuses on developing the speaking and listening skills of students of French. Students will acquire the language structures and vocabulary to interact with fluent or native speakers of French on a variety of topics without strain for either party. PRE-REQ: FR 210 or equivalent.

FR-260   French Civilization and Culture (Either Semester; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) An overview of the French culture and civilization in language, art, literature, history, and ideas. Prerequisites: FR210 or equivalent.

FR-270   Francophone Civilization and Culture II (Either Semester; Odd Years; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) An in-depth introduction to the history and influence of French culture outside Europe. Students will gain a general knowledge of contemporary Francophone cultures that exist throughout the world. Prerequisite: FR210 or equivalent.

FR-279   Sexuality and Literature (Variable; Variable; 3.00 Credits; I,H,CA,SW-ER) This course uses literary texts as a critical lens to analyze and critique sexual ethics in different cultural and historical contexts or situations. The course is conducted as a seminar with entertaining, thought-provoking reading assignments and lively classroom discussions. No knowledge of the French language is required to enroll in this course.

FR-299   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-3.00 Credits) Allows departments to offer subjects not normally taught. Prerequisites and fees vary by topic.

FR-326   French Cinema (Either Semester; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; F,I,H,CW) An overview of the history of French Cinema and various schools of film analysis. Participants in this course view and analyze major examples of French cinema from its origins to today. Discussions are in English. Papers may be written in English or French.

FR-331   The Craft of Translation (Variable; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CW) This course introduces high-intermediate and advanced students of French to the formal technics and art of written translation. Students must have completed two 200 level courses taught in French or have instructor permission prior to enrollement.

FR-345   Women in French Culture (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; CA,I,H,CW) An introduction to the major currents of contemporary French feminism. All readings are in the translation and discussions are in English.

FR-399   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Provides courses not covered by the regular offerings. These are developed to meet the needs of students of advanced standing and included themes in Medieval & Renaissance Literature and French Women Writers.

FR-450   Research Project in French (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) An independent research project or thesis which will be designed by the student with the assistance of the instructor. Throughout the semester, the student will research his/her topic and submit a final paper or thesis to be defended at the end of the semester Prerequisites: three 300 level French courses and permission, or a year of study abroad and permission.

FR-490   French Internship (Variable; Variable; 2.00-9.00 Credits) See catalog. Corequisite: FR495

FR-495   FR Internship Seminar (Variable; Variable; 2.00-6.00 Credits) See catalog. Corequisite: FR490

FR-TUT   French Teaching Assistant (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits; H,I) See catalog for description.

German

GR-108B   Vienna Intensive German (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) This BCA-operated course provides four weeks of intensive language instruction by native speakers at the Internationale Kulturinstitut Wien (iki) language school in Vienna, Austria. No prior knowledge of German is required. All levels of German are available, from beginning to advanced. Corequisite: Participants must concurrently enroll in GR208A, " Vienna: Crossroads of Europe, " a cultural studies course taught in German and English.

GR-109   Intensive German Program I (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) This program provides four or five weeks of intensive language instruction by native speakers at the KAPITO language school in Muenster, Germany. All levels of German are available, from beginning to advanced. In addition, all students participate in three to four extra-curricular activities with a cultural focus per week. Note: A special course fee is applied.

GR-199   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows department to offer courses not normally taught. Prerequisites and fees vary by course.

GR-199A   German Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows department to offer courses not normally taught. Prerequisites and fees vary by course.

GR-199B   German Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows department to offer courses not normally taught. Prerequisites and fees vary by course.

GR-208A   Vienna: Crossroads of Europe (Summer; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; I,H) This course will introduce students to the history and culture of Vienna, Austria. It focuses on the city as a geographical, political, cultural, and artistic crossroads at the heart of Europe. The course will help students understand how Vienna has been and remains a perpetually emerging and evolving modernity in politics, culture and the arts since the late 19th century. Corequisite: Participants must concurrently enroll in either GR108B, GR208B, or GR308B (based on their German proficiency level).

GR-208B   Vienna Intensive German (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) This BCA-operated course provides four weeks of intensive language instruction by native speakers at the Internationale Kulturinstitut Wien (iki) language school in Vienna, Austria. No prior knowledge of German is required. All levels of German are available, from beginning to advanced. Corequisite: Participants must concurrently enroll in GR208A, " Vienna: Crossroads of Europe, " a cultural studies course taught in German and English.

GR-209   Intensive German Program II (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) This program provides four or five weeks of intensive language instruction by native speakers at the KAPITO language school in Munster, Germany. All levels of German are available, from beginning to advanced. In addition, all students participate in three to four extra-curricular activities with a cultural focus per week. Note: A special course fee is applied.

GR-210   German III (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) German III is the third part of the four-semester introductory sequence. Its primary goals are to enable students to continue building their proficiency and attain a broader understanding of German culture. Emphasis is placed on the use of the target language in the classroom and the study of culturally authentic materials. Students will achieve greater accuracy with basic language structures. Pre-req: GR120, placement test, or program head's permission. This course is part of the Global Engagement element of the General Education Curriculum, " 3. Language Study " : Complete at least a 200-level world language course in the target language if continuing previous language study.

GR-220   German IV (Fall & Spring; All Years; 3.00 Credits; CS,H,I,SWGLS) Final part of the four-semester introductory sequence. German IV will expand upon students' existing listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills and further their understanding of contemporary Germanic cultures. Pre-requisite: GR 210, department placement test, or program head's permission. This course is part of the Global Engagement element of the General Education Curriculum, " 3. Language Study " : Complete at least a 200-level world language course in the target language if continuing previous language study.

GR-232   German Conversation & Composition (Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; I,H,CW,SWGLS) German Composition & Conversation is an intermediate-level course that will expand upon students' existing listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills and further their understanding of contemporary culture of German-speaking countries. Building on skills and vocabulary previously acquired, this course focuses on growing vocabulary, exploring communicative strategies, and increasing oral proficiency via active participation and self-expression in and outside of class. Pre-requisites: GR 210, departmental placement test, or program head's permission.

GR-299   Special Topics (Either Semester; Variable; 3.00-4.00 Credits) Provides courses not covered by the regular offerings. These are developed to meet the needs of students of advanced standing.

GR-299A   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows department to offer topics not normally taught. Fees and prerequisites vary by section.

GR-299B   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows departments to offer courses not normally taught. Fees and prerequisites vary by title.

GR-308B   Vienna Intensive German (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) This BCA-operated course provides four weeks of intensive language instruction by native speakers at the Internationale Kulturinstitut Wien (iki) language school in Vienna, Austria. No prior knowledge of German is required. All levels of German are available, from beginning to advanced. Corequisite: Participants must concurrently enroll in GR208A, " Vienna: Crossroads of Europe, " a cultural studies course taught in German and English.

GR-309   Intensive German Program III (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) This program provides four or five weeks of intensive language instruction by native speakers at the KAPITO language school in Muenster, Germany. All levels of German are available, from beginning to advanced. In addition, all students participate in three to four extra-curricular activities with a cultural focus per week. Note: A special course fee is applied.

GR-320   Early 20th Century German Literature (Either Semester; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) Examines readings from the works of such authors as B. Brecht, H. Hesse, H. von Hofmannsthal, F. Kafka, T. Mann, F. Wedekind and F. Werfel. Discussion focuses on the complex problems and issues facing modern man in an ever changing world.

GR-399   Special Topics (Either Semester; Variable; 3.00 Credits) Provides courses not covered by the regular offerings. These are developed to meet the needs of students of advanced standing.

GR-399A   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows department to offer topics not normally taught. Fees and prerequisites vary by section.

GR-399B   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows departments to offer topics not normally taught. Fees and prerequisites vary by title.

GR-490   Internship-Need Paperwork (Variable; Variable; 2.00-9.00 Credits) See Catalog.

GR-495   Internship Seminar (Variable; Variable; 2.00-9.00 Credits) See catalog.

Russian

RU-110   Russian I (Fall; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I) The basic introduction to the Russian program: correct speaking, reading and writing on the elementary level. Note:*Students receive H or I credit provided that they have not taken more than two years of the language at the secondary school level.

RU-120   Russian II (Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) The continuation of the basic program with more intensive work in correct speaking, reading and writing. Note: advanced placement is by departmental discretion. Prerequisite: RU110.

RU-195   Russian in Russia I (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) Summer language study at a site approved by Juniata. Students will be placed at a level appropriate for their knowledge of the language. Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and CIE.

RU-199   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Provides individualized instruction in topics not covered by the regular offerings. These are developed to meet the needs of students.

RU-202   Science Fiction the Other Side Europe (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I) Examines the Central European tradition of science fiction as a genre of social commentary and utopian speculation. Writers will include Karel Capek (the inventor of the term " robot " ), Evgenii Zamiatin (the author of the model for 1984), Stanislaw Lem (once the best-selling science fiction author in the world), and the Strugatskii brothers. Films will also be discussed. Taught in English.

RU-203   East European Film (Fall; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,H,F,CW) Examines the films and writings on film of some of the famous East European directors: Eisenstein and other early Soviets, Czech films in the 1960s, Georgian films of the eighties. Wajda and other Polish filmmakers, and current Russian films.

RU-209   Russian History (Variable; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; CA,CW,H,I,SWGH1) Studies the evolution of the Russian State and peoples from the earliest times. The examination continues through the Bolsheviks' seizure of power and the subsequent development of the USSR as a major world power. Prerequisites: FYC-101, EN-110 or EN-109.

RU-210   Intermediate Russian (Variable; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) The third course in the Russian-language sequence. Students further develop oral and written proficiency in Russian while learning about Russian life and culture. Prerequisite: RU120.

RU-230   Russian Conversation (Either Semester; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) The intensive reading of literary and popular texts as a basis for composition and conversation. Prerequisite: RU210.

RU-235   Tolstoy (Spring; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,H,I,CW,CS) An examination of Tolstoy's development as a thinker about war an religion and his search for a literary form adequate for the expression of his ideas and moral sense. Readings will include writings on non-resistance to evil. Prerequisite: EN110 or EN109 or another Russian literature course or permission.

RU-240   Dostoevsky (Spring; All Years; 4.00 Credits; CA,H,I,CS,CW,SW-ER) Dostoevsky's search for meaning in a changing modern Russia allows us to understand Russian ethical traditions, contrast communal and individualist ethical traditions, evaluate the claims of faith and reason, evaluate characters' actions, reflect on our own values, and decide what values we should hold. We will read and write about one short work and two novels.

RU-245   Literature and Moral Imagination (Spring; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,CW,H,I) The last hundred years brought unprecedented Literature and Moral Imagination examines how Slavic authors have confronted the realities of devastation and the euphoria of social utopia and drawn hope from the truth-telling and the fundamental link between aesthetics and morality. The course includes work from the recent reentry of the Slavic peoples into the global economy. Prerequisites: EN110 or EN109 or permission. RU345 requires RU230 or permission and Sophomore, Junior, or Senior standing.

RU-250   Russian Short Story (Spring; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,H,I,CW) The reading, discussion, and analysis of short stories by major Russian authors: Pushkin, Gogol, Turgenev, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Chekhov. Note: taught in English, although Russian language students receive assignments in original texts. Prerequisite: EN110 or EN109 or another Russian literature course or permission.

RU-275   Medicine and Literature (Fall; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; CA,I,H,CW,CTGES,SW-ER) This course uses literary and film depictions of doctors and scientists, and other professionals as a focus for in-depth discussion of the relationship between moral imagination, moral reasoning, and moral judgment and the role they can and should play in our lives as professionals, citizens, and people.

RU-290   Culture in Russia (Summer; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; F,I,H) The study of the culture and history of the city where students are enrolled at a Juniata-approved exchange site. Students' course selections must be approved in advance. Students who want F-credit must take the Russian Art in Petersburg in history and culture options. Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor.

RU-295   Russian in Russia II (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) Summer language study at a site approved by Juniata. Students will be placed at a level appropriate for their knowledge of the language. Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and CIE.

RU-299   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Provides individualized instruction in topics not covered by the regular offerings. These are developed to meet the needs of students.

RU-303   East European Film (Fall; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,H,F,CW) See RU203. Prerequisites: RU-230.

RU-335   Tolstoy (Spring; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,I,H,CW,CS) See RU235. Meets with RU235. Additional work is assigned in Russian. Prerequisite: RU235.

RU-340   Dostoevsky (Spring; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,H,I,CS,CW,SW-ER) See RU240. Meets with RU240. Additional work is assigned in Russian. Prerequisites: RU230.

RU-345   Literature and Moral Imagination (Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; CA,I,H,CS) See RU245. Meets with RU245 but additional work is assigned in Russian for RU345. Prerequisites: RU230 or permission and Sophomore, Junior or Senior standing.

RU-350   Russian Short Story (Spring; Variable; 4.00 Credits; CA,H,I,CW) See RU250. Meets with RU250. Additional work is assigned in Russian. Prerequisite: RU230 and Permission of the instructor.

RU-395   Russian in Russia III (Summer; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; I,H) Summer language study at a site approved by Juniata. Students will be placed at a level appropriate for their knowledge of the language. Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and CIE.

RU-399   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Provides individualized instruction in topics not covered by the regular offerings. These are developed to meet the needs of students.

RU-450   Senior Research Project I (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) Involves two consecutive semesters of study. During the first semester the students will identify the topic of research, prepare a detailed abstract, gather the necessary materials and provide evidence that the bulk of the research has been completed. Students may undertake projects in teaching, literature, culture or linguistics. Other topics may also be possible. Projects may involve the participation of faculty in related disciplines. Prerequisite: Take RU311 or RU321 or RU326 or RU335.

RU-451   Senior Research Project II (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) A continuation of RU450. During this semester students will complete their project by writing and defending an account of their work. The exact nature of this account will vary according to the nature of the project. However all accounts must be of significant length, reveal a sustained depth of thought, be fully documented, and be defended orally. Prerequisite: RU450.

Spanish

SP-110   Spanish I (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I) Emphasizes fundamentals of grammar, pronunciation, and language production. The development of skills in oral comprehension, speaking, writing and reading are stressed. Note: Students receive H or I credit provided that they have not taken more than two years of the language at the secondary school level.

SP-110E   Spanish I Summer (Summer; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) This immersion course is offered for high school students (ages 16-18) in Granada, Spain, in conjunction with Global Works summer service programs. Students achieve a proficiency level in Spanish comparable to Spanish I (SP110).

SP-120   Spanish II (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) Spanish 120 is the second part of a three-semester introductory sequence. Its primary goals are to enable students to build their proficiency and attain a broader understanding of Hispanic cultures. Emphasis is placed on the use of the target language in the classroom and the study of culturally authentic materials. Students will achieve greater accuracy with basic language structures. Pre-req: SP110 or placement test.

SP-120E   Spanish II Summer (Summer; Yearly; 3.00 Credits) This immersion course is offered for high school students (ages 16-18) in Granada, Spain, in conjunction with Global Works summer service programs. Students achieve a proficiency level in Spanish comparable to Spanish II (SP120).

SP-125   Sp.Immersion I (Orizaba) (Summer; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I) The continued study of the fundamentals of Spanish grammar, pronunciation, and language production, with particular focus on listening comprehension and speaking. Prerequisites: SP120. Note: A special course fee is assessed.

SP-199   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows the department to offer special topics not normally offered. Departments may offer more than one special topic. Prerequisites vary by title.

SP-210   Spanish III (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS,SWGLS) Spanish 210 is the third part of a three-semester introductory sequence. Its primary goals are to enable students to build their proficiency and attain a broader understanding of Hispanic cultures. Emphasis is on the use of the target language and the study of culturally authentic materials. Students will achieve greater accuracy with basic language structures. Pre-req: SP-120 or placement results.

SP-215   Mexican Culture (Summer; Yearly; 1.00 Credit; H,I) This course will introduce students to the origin, antecedents, and development of present-day Mexico and will expose them to the diversity of its inhabitants and of their cultural practices and production. Prerequisites: SP120. Corequisite: SP125, SP225 or SP325.

SP-225   Sp.Immersion II (Orizaba) (Summer; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I) An intermediate Spanish language course which reviews the fundamentals of Spanish grammar, pronunciation, and language production, while providing intensive practice that will enable students to achieve mastery of these basic linguistic elements and to further develop their language proficiency. Special emphasis is placed on listening comprehension and speaking. Prerequisites: SP210.

SP-230   Spanish Conversation & Composition (Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CW,CS,SWGLS) SP230 focuses on continued learning of Spanish through the practice of speaking and writing. Students discuss short films, readings, and topics of interest from the Hispanic world. Through practice in and outside of class and study of grammatical structures and vocabulary, students will improve their reading and listening comprehension and their speaking and writing competence. Prerequisite: SP210 or placement test results.

SP-235   Intensive Spanish Grammar (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I) This course serves to reinforce the fundamental grammar that students have studied previously and to delve more deeply into certain topics that often prove to be challenging for native English speakers of Spanish. Topics typically of this course include; identifying the building blocks of sentences; identifying verb classes and studying how that information determines the way we construct sentences; analyzing the Spanish pronominal system including, subject and object clitic pronouns; reviewing and expanding upon the use of subordinate clauses introduced in SP210. Prerequisites: SP210.

SP-245   Spanish Phonetics & Phonology (Fall; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) This course serves as an introduction to the phonetics and phonology of Spanish. The goals of the course include providing students with a theoretical and practical understanding of the system of Spanish sounds, including dialectal variations, as well as strengthening students' Spanish speech in the direction of more native like pronunciation. Prerequisite: SP210.

SP-250   Introduction to Hispanic Literature (Spring; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) Emphasizes the development of skill in reading Spanish and in literary analysis of selected stories, plays, poems, and essays from Spain and Latin America. Prerequisite: SP210.

SP-255   Contemporary Hispanic Short Fiction (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) An intensive introduction to reading and analyzing twentieth-century Spanish and Spanish American short narrative. Study of the literary tests enables students to develop a better understanding of and appreciation for Hispanic cultures while continuing to build their Spanish language proficiency. Prerequisite: SP210.

SP-260   Spanish Civilization (Either Semester; Variable; 3.00 Credits; CS,H,I) An introduction to the many facets of Spanish civilization: art, music, history, literature, philosophy and everyday life. Prerequisite: SP210.

SP-265   Contemporary Spain (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) An intensive introduction to twentieth and twenty- first century Spain. Topics to be studied include: Spain's peaceful transition from dictatorship to democracy, economic development, and social change. Spain's role in the European Union, mass and elite cultural movements and the challenges facing Spain's younger generation. Prerequisites: SP210.

SP-271   Enrichmnt After-School for Youth-Spanish (Variable; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; SW-LE) Through this Local Engagement course, Juniata students will partner with the Huntingdon Area School District to offer language and culture classes to elementary and middle school students. They will design and deliver after-school course content in a dynamic, fun, after-school program designed to introduce students in grades 3-6 to Spanish and the cultures of Spain and Latin America. The course introduces students to best practices in local engagement, our local community, and the opportunities presented by our community partners. During seven weeks of the class, Juniata Students will teach the twice-a-week lessons at the nearby Standing Stone Elementary School. Must have clearances.

SP-275   Art and Activism in Latin America (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; I,H,CS) Studies art --literature, film, music, plastic arts, etc.--that denounces social injustice and seeks to trigger fundamental reforms in Latin American societies. Known as arte comprometido or committed art in Latin America, selected violence, economic exploitation, racism, and machismo. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: SP210 or by permission of the instructor.

SP-285   Introduction to Latin America (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) This course offers students an overview of Latin American cultures through the study of their history, geography, literature, and art from the pre-Columbian period to present. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SP210.

SP-299   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Allows the department to offer special topics not normally offered. Departments may offer more than one special topic. Prerequisites vary by title.

SP-300   Myth and Magic Realism (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; CA,I,H) Explores the richness and diversity of Hispanic cultures through the study of texts that range from pre-Columbian myths to recent Latin American films. Emphasis will be placed on the analysis of the mytho-magical elements which are used to represent and often times critique aspects of various socio-cultural realities. The course is taught in English, and all course materials will be available in English. Prerequisites: Sophomore, Junior, or Senior standing.

SP-301   Voice for Voiceless-LA Testimonial Narr (Variable; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; CA,I,H,WK-HT) The testimonial genre developed in Latin America during the 1960s to give voice to the voiceless and bear witness to the world of the marginalized and oppressed. A representative sample of testimonial narratives will be read to examine topics such as the testimonial pact established with readers, social realities represented, processes of textual production, and narrative forms incorporated. Text will be read in English translation and the class will be conducted in English. Prereq: FYC-101 or EN-110 or EN-109. (Previous course title: Latin American Testimonio)

SP-305   Advanced Spanish Conversation & Comp (YYearly; 3.00 Credits; I,CW,CS) This course is designed to give students opportunities to develop and practice their Spanish at the intermediate-high and advanced levels of the ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines available at www.actfl.org. At the advanced level, speakers can: (a) narrate and describe in all major time frames (present, past and future), (b) handle a situation with a complication, (c) use connective devices and a variety of subordinate clauses, (d) use circumlocution, and (e) address topics of personal and general interest. At the advanced level, one may also demonstrate conceptual awareness or even partial control of superior level functions from the ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines (e.g., support opinion, hypothesize, discuss topics concretely and abstractly, and handle a linguistically unfamiliar situation). Prerequisite: SP 230.

SP-325   Spanish Immersion III (Summer; Yearly; 3.00 Credits; H,I) A second intermediate Spanish language course which reviews the fundamentals of Spanish grammar, pronunciation, and language production, exploring the subtleties of features such as preterit- imperfect aspect and the subjunctive mood. Intensive immersion practice will enable students to achieve greater mastery of these elements and to further develop their language proficiency. Prerequisite: SP230 or SP235 or SP245 or SP250 or SP255 or SP260 SP265 or SP275 or SP285.

SP-345   Spanish Phonetics & Phonology (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) This course serves as an introduction to the phonetics and phonology of Spanish. The goals of the course include providing students with a theoretical and practical understanding of the system of Spanish sounds, including dialectal variations, as well as strengthening students' Spanish speech in the direction of more native like pronunciation. Prerequisite: Study abroad experience or permission of the instructor.

SP-355   Contemporary Hispanic Short Fiction (Either Semester; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) Note: Meets with SP255. Additional work is assigned. Prerequisites: SP250 or equivalent and study abroad experience or approval of the instructor.

SP-365   Contemporary Spain (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) Note: Meets with SP265. Additional work is assigned. Prerequisites: SP250 or SP255 or or SP260 or approval of the instructor.

SP-375   Art and Activism in Latin America (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; I,H,CS) Studies art --literature, film, music, plastic arts, etc.--that denounces social injustice and seeks to trigger fundamental reforms in Latin American societies. Known as arte comprometido or committed art in Latin America, selected artistic texts treat topics such as political violence, economic exploitation, racism, and machismo. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: SP250 or SP255 or by permission of the instructor.

SP-385   Intro to Latin America (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; I,H,CS) This course focuses on the historical, political, intellectual, artistic, and social aspects of Latin America in order to familiarize students with the main trends in the development of the region. After a review of major historical events, students will explore trends and differences among regions of Latin America. The study focuses on textual readings, but also examines some representative examples of cultural production in the fields of art, literature, music and film. Prerequisite: SP230 or equivalent. Students should not take this course if they already took SP285.

SP-399   Special Topics (Variable; Variable; 1.00-4.00 Credits) Provides courses not covered by the regular offerings. These are developed to meet the needs of students of advanced standing.

SP-400   Contemporary Spanish American Novel (Fall; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CW,CS) Students continue to develop advanced Spanish language and Hispanic cultural proficiency as well as critical thinking skills through the study of contemporary Spanish American novels. Prerequisite: SP250 or SP255 or permission of the instructor.

SP-401   Gender Fiction in Hispanic Literature (Variable; Variable; 3.00 Credits; I,H,CW) This course, formerly titled Women in Hispanic Fiction, examines gender constructs in works by Latin American and Spanish authors. Among the topics that will be examined are the construction of gender and identity roles, historical spheres of participation for men and women, and the changing definition of such identity markers and roles. The course will focus on a broad historical range of literary works, examining how gender identities are presented in these works through their intersectionality with sexuality, class, race, age, and politics. In addition to the primary texts, students read critical essays on gender and discuss films and podcasts that develop topics parallel to those in the texts. Prerequisites: SP-250 or SP-255.(Previous Course Title: Women in Hispanic Fiction)

SP-404   Hispanic Metafiction (Alternate Years; Irregular/On Demand; 3.00 Credits; I,H) Metafiction is fiction that, rather than transparent, is opaque. In the metafictional moment, the reader looks at rather than through the fictional illusion. As Patricia Waugh writes in Metafiction: The Theory and Practice of Self-Conscious Fiction, Metafictional novels tend to be constructed on the principle of a fundamental and sustained opposition: the construction of a fictional illusion (as in traditional realism) and the laying bare of that illusion. In this course, students engage with the theory of metafiction and study examples from Hispanic fiction, which include works by Allende, Borges, Cortazar, Cervantes, and Garcia Marquez. Prerequsite: SP210 or permission.

SP-405   Cont. Spanish Novel (Either Semester; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS,CW) Students continue to develop advanced Spanish language and Hispanic cultural proficiency as well as critical thinking skills through study of contemporary Spanish novels. Prerequisites: SP250 or SP255 or approval of the instructor.

SP-420   Generation of 1898 (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) In this course. students analyze selected essays, fiction, drama, and poetry of this key group of writers who accomplish a major renovation of Spanish thought and literary forms during the early decades of the twentieth century. Prerequisite: SP250 or SP255 or permission of the instructor.

SP-430   Advanced Spanish Grammar (Spring; Variable; 3.00 Credits; H,I,CS) This course serves to help advanced students gain a better understanding of the meaning of certain grammatical constructions in Spanish by systematically observing and analyzing their use in a variety of communicative contexts. Prerequisite: SP235.

World Languages

WL-201   Language in Motion (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1.00 Credit; H,I,CS,SW-LE) In this course, international students, study-abroad returnees, students with other international experiences, heritage speakers, and/or upper-level language students expand their knowledge of language and culture, process their own intercultural and language-learning experiences, and enrich local school classrooms. In addition to learning about teaching language and culture and the school context, students develop individual projects for presentation in school classrooms.

WL-202   Language in Motion (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1.00 Credit; H,I,CS) See WL201 Prerequisites: WL201. The course provides service-learning opportunities for international students, study-abroad returnees, heritage speakers, and upper-level language students to expand their knowledge of language and culture and to enrich local public school classrooms. After meeting with teachers and attending a Special Topics workshop, students will conference with the instructor and host teachers to develop individual projects for presentation in school classrooms. The course is graded pass-fail. Section 02. The course provides service-learning opportunities for international students, study-abroad returnees, heritage speakers, and upper-level language students to expand their knowledge of language and culture and to enrich local public school classrooms. After meeting with teachers and attending a Special Topics workshop, students will conference with the instructor and host teachers to develop individual projects for presentation in school classrooms. Students receive letter grades. Prerequisite: Permission.

WL-203   Language in Motion (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1.00 Credit; H,I,CS) See WL201. Prerequisites: WL201 and WL202. The course provides opportunities for international students, study-abroad returnees, heritage speakers, and upper-level language students to expand their knowledge of language and culture and to enrich local public school classrooms. After meeting with teachers, students will conference with the instructor and two host teachers to develop individual projects for presentation in school classrooms. The course is graded pass-fail. Section 02. The course provides opportunities for international students, study-abroad returnees, heritage speakers, and upper-level language students to expand their knowledge of language and culture and to enrich local public school classrooms. After meeting with teachers, students will conference with the instructor and two host teachers to develop individual projects for presentation in school classrooms. Students receive letter grades. Prerequisite: Permission.

WL-204   Language in Motion (Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1.00 Credit; H,I,CS) See WL201. The pass-fail course provides opportunities for international students, study-abroad returnees, heritage speakers, and upper-level language students to expand their knowledge of language and culture and to enrich local public school classrooms. After meeting with teachers, students will conference with the instructor and the selected host teacher to develop individual projects for presentation in school classrooms. The course is graded pass-fail. Section 02. The course provides opportunities for international students, study-abroad returnees, heritage speakers, and upper-level language students to expand their knowledge of language and culture and to enrich local public school classrooms. After meeting with teachers, students will conference with the instructor and the selected host teacher to develop individual projects for presentation in school classrooms. Students receive letter grades. Prerequisites: WL201 and WL202 and WL203.

WL-303   Sociolinguistics (Spring; Even Years; 3.00 Credits; CA,H,I) This undergraduate course is meant to encourage you to reflect on how language functions in society. We will consider a subset of topics relevant to sociolinguistics,among them dialect variation (e.g., regional, social, ethnic); language ideology and language prejudice; and linguistic debates in education. We will consider linguistic communities across the United States. Prerequisite: EN110 or EN109 and Junior or Senior standing.

WL-398   Methods for Foreign Language Education (Fall; Yearly; 4.00 Credits; S,CS) This course is for students interested in teaching foreign languages or English as a foreign language or second language (ESL). This course provides a thorough introduction to contemporary theories and methods of language pedagogy. Students seeking K-12 certification in foreign languages may take this course instead of ED420 after studying abroad. It may also be taken by those students who have an interest in teaching English abroad. International students who are here a semester or a year should also consider taking this course. Prerequisites: ED110 and ED111 and ED130 and ED240.

WL-490   World Language Internship (Variable; Variable; 2.00-9.00 Credits; H,I) See " Internships " in the catalog.

WL-495   Internship Seminar (Variable; Variable; 2.00-6.00 Credits; H,I) See " Internships " in catalog.