Essential Courses

Course # Title
BI 105 Biological Diversity and Ecology
BI 121 Biology Lab I
BI 106 Structure and Function of Cells and Organisms
BI 122 Biology Lab II
CH 142 Integrated Chemistry Principles I
CH 143 Integrated Chemistry Principles I Lab
CH 144 Integrated Chemistry Principles II
CH 145 Integrated Chemistry Principles II Lab
CH 242 Integrated Chemsitry: Organic
CH 243 Integrated Chemsitry: Organic
MA 130 Calculus I
MA 103 Quantitative Methods
MA 100 Precalculus Math
MA 160 Linear Algebra
MA 220 Introduction to Probability and Statistics
ND.SS 214 Statistics for Social Sciences
BI 305 Biostatistics*
EN____ English course (in addition to CWS)
Varies Additional Biology/Chemistry**

*For MS option, Statistics is recommended
** Need 4 more credits for B.S. and 8 more credits for M.S.

Important Notes

Additional recommended courses include Microbiology, Communications courses, foreign languages, Ethics of Health Care, and economics.

  • These courses reflect program requirements for our affiliation with Jefferson College of Health Professions only. Although this course list will be sufficient for most other programs, make sure to check requirements of other schools in which you are interested no later than your sophomore year.
  • This course list does NOT represent a POE, nor does it cover College requirements. Design a POE, preferably in an academic area, in consultation with your advisor. Note: If you are in a 3 +_ program, course work during the first year of professional school can count toward upper level POE requirements.
  • Make sure to have an advisor on the Health Professions Committee, preferably Dr. Randy Bennett.
  • In addition to your course work you are urged to gain some experience in bioresearch/biotechnology either during the school year or over the summer.


Jefferson School of Health Professions

Regular Progression (4 years at Juniata) OR Cytotechnology 3+1 B.S. and 3 + 2 B.S./M.S. Options*

  3 + 1 BS 3 + 2 BS/MS
Biological or Chemical Sciences 16 20
Organic Chemistry 4 4
College Algebra, Trigonometry, Precalculus, Calculus or Statistics** 3 3
English 6 6
Electives 41 49
TOTAL 70 82

Competitive credentials: Recommended science and overall GPA of 3.0 or better (Note: Prerequisites must be C or better for Jefferson). Note: Jefferson does NOT require the GRE for any Bioscience Masters program

* Students completing 3 +_ or 4+ _ programs receive degrees from Juniata and Jefferson
** Masters option should take Statistics

Helpful websites:

American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science-
American Society of Cytotechnology -
American Society of Clinical Pathologists -
Jefferson School of Health Professions -

General Information:

Suggested Core Progression for Pre-Cytotechnology*

*If you are planning to study abroad or if you are in accelerated program consult with your Health Professions advisor to plan your course progression

Bolded courses are offered only in the indicated semester and/or require a specific sequence due to Juniata prerequisites. Non-bolded courses are either offered in both semesters or represent open-ended choices, making them more flexible in when they can be taken. Course progressions after the freshman year are not carved in stone. Your particular course sequence may be different, depending on your situation. Consult with your advisor.

Freshman Year BI 105 Biology Lab II
  Biology Lab I Integrated Chemistry Principles II
  Integrated Chemistry Principles I Integrated Chemistry Princ II Lab
  Integrated Chemistry Principles I Lab  
Sophomore Year BI 106 Biology or Chemistry course with Lab
  Integrated Chemistry: Organic English course
  Integrated Chemistry: Organic Lab  
Junior Year Electives Electives
  Biology or Chemistry course with Lab*  
  GRE Exam Prep** GRE Exam Prep

*For Masters option
**Both semesters of the year that you plan to take the exam (4+ Masters only)

If you do an accelerated program plan to finish most or all of the prerequisite courses the year before your final year at Juniata. If you have one or two courses to complete your final year at Juniata, you could be conditionally accepted to professional school based on your academic record up to that point and on successful completion of the remaining prerequisite courses.

If you study abroad the SAFEST strategy is to take ALL prerequisite courses for professional school in the U.S., which may require you to take courses in the U.S. over the summer, preferably at a 4 year institution. However, if this is extremely difficult for your situation, check with the professional schools you wish to attend to see if they will accept courses taken abroad and if so, get their response in writing. Also if you have a Biology POE and will not have BI 207 by the time you go abroad, check with the Biology Department to see if there is a Cell and Molecular course you can take abroad that will enable you to take upper level biology offerings at Juniata your senior year that require BI 207 (ex. Physiology, Immunology, and Microbiology)

Be mindful of your POE courses, which are NOT indicated here. For example, if you have a Biology POE, you will need to take Freshman seminar the spring of your freshman year, Frontiers of Biology the fall of your sophomore year, and Biology 207 at your earliest opportunity after completing Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry.