The basic principle of community at Juniata holds that any behavior, whether on or off-campus, which infringes upon the rights, safety, privileges or property of any individual, or impedes the educational process, is unacceptable. To that end, Juniata students are expected to exhibit a high degree of personal integrity and honesty. Dishonesty in any phase of college work, disregard for the safety and rights of others, and theft of property or service, are considered serious offenses in a community dedicated to the development of responsible individuals.
Instances of student misconduct will be considered according to procedures described in the Pathfinder under "Disciplinary Structure."
Local, state, and federal laws which serve to preserve individual rights and to maintain the community are considered to be included in the college policy. The following, while not intended to define misconduct in every circumstance, constitutes unacceptable behavior. Students are subject to disciplinary action for participation in any of the following violations whether on or off-campus:
- Threatening, harassing, assaulting, or endangering the health or safety of any individual(s), including physical threats and/or violence, and pejorative language with intent to threaten, intimidate, and/or humiliate.
- Possession or use of firearms, explosives, dangerous chemicals or other weapons -- including any slingshot, catapult, or any device to hurl a missile.
- Use, possession, or distribution of narcotics, alcohol, or other dangerous drugs, except as permitted by law. (See "alcohol" and "other controlled substances" policies for more information.)
- Willful destruction of, or damage to, college property.
- Furnishing misleading or false information to the college and/or college officials.
- Willfully causing any false report, warning, or threat of fire, explosion, or other emergency.
- Failure to comply with the direction of college officials, including campus safety and security personnel and residence hall staff in performance of their duties.
- Unauthorized alteration, forgery, or unauthorized use of any college document or signature.
- Unauthorized presence in or use of college facilities, property, or premises.
- Theft of property or services.
- Intentional violation of the terms of any disciplinary action imposed in accordance with judicial policy.
Any student formally charged with a felony level offense is required to take a leave of absence from the College until the legal charges are dropped, dismissed, or otherwise resolved.
This Policy prohibits “Sexual Misconduct” and “Relationship Violence,” broad categories encompassing the conduct defined below. Sexual Misconduct and Relationship Violence can be committed by anyone and can occur between people of the same or of different sex and/or gender. For purposes of this Policy, the various forms of prohibited Sexual Harassment are referred to as “Sexual Misconduct.”
Prohibited conduct includes:
- Sexual Harassment
- Sexual Assault
- Sexual Exploitation
- Harassment, Harm to Others, and Harassing Conduct
- Domestic Violence
- Intimate Partner Violence
- Dating Violence
Sexual Harassment can be a single, serious incident or a series of related, repeated incidents. Sexual harassment is defined as unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature (verbal or physical conduct) when the conduct:
- is reasonably perceived as creating an intimidating or hostile work, learning or living environment,
- unreasonably interferes with, denies or limits someone’s ability to participate in or benefit from any educational program and/or activities, and
- is based on power differentials, or the creation of a hostile environment.
In addition to the above, specific types of sexual harassment constituting violations of this Policy include:
- Sexual Assault: Having or attempting to have sexual intercourse or oral sex, without Consent. Sexual intercourse means anal or vaginal penetration by a penis, tongue, finger, or inanimate object.
- Non-Consensual Sexual Contact: Any intentional sexual touching or attempted sexual touching, without Consent.
- Sexual Exploitation: An act attempted or committed by a person for sexual gratification, financial gain, or other advancement through the abuse or exploitation of another person’s sexuality. Examples of sexual exploitation include, but are not limited to, non-consensual observation of individuals who are undressed or engaging in sexual acts, non-consensual audio- or video recording or streaming of sexual activity, prostituting another person, and allowing others to observe a personal consensual sexual act without the knowledge or consent of all involved parties.
- Coercion: The use or attempted use of pressure and/or oppressive behavior, including express or implied threats, intimidation, or physical force such that the application of pressure or oppression causes the recipient of the behavior to engage in unwanted sexual activity. Coercion includes administering or pressuring another to consume a drug, intoxicant, or similar substance with the intent to impair that person’s ability to consent prior to engaging in sexual activity.
- Complicity: Assisting, facilitating, or encouraging the commission of a violation of the Sexual Misconduct and Relationship Violence Policy.
- Harm to Others: Physical violence including (but not limited to) physical abuse, assault, threats of violence, striking, shoving or subjecting another person to unwanted physical contact.
- Harassing Conduct: Intentionally or recklessly endangering, threatening, or causing emotional harm to any person. This may also include causing physical damage to their property.
- Harassment: Harassment includes any written, verbal or physical acts (including electronically transmitted acts) that is reasonably perceived as creating an intimidating or hostile work, learning or living environment, particularly if questionable behavior is repeated and/or if it continues after the offending party is informed of the objectionable and/or inappropriate nature of the behavior. Harassment can be a single incident, or a series of repeated incidents.
- Sexually Inappropriate Behavior: Conduct that is rude, obscene or sexually suggestive gestures or communication. Public masturbation, disrobing or exposure of one’s self to another person without that person’s consent is one example. This may be an isolated occurrence
Relationship Violence is a violation of this policy and is defined as:
- Domestic Violence: Knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly causing or attempting to cause bodily injury, physical or sexual assault, abuse, placing another in reasonable fear of serious bodily injury, engaging in repetitive conduct toward a certain person that puts them in fear of bodily injury, restraining another’s liberty or freedom of movement, or stalking where such conduct is directed against the Complainant by an individual’s current or former spouse, household member, intimate partner or any other person from whom the Complainant is protected under federal or Pennsylvania law.
- Pennsylvania law defines domestic abuse as knowingly, intentionally or recklessly causing bodily injury of any kind, causing fear of bodily injury of any kind, assault (sexual or not sexual), rape, sexually abusing minor children, or knowingly engaging in a repetitive conduct toward a certain person that puts them in fear of bodily injury. These acts can take place between family or household members, sexual partners or those who share biological parenthood in order to qualify as domestic abuse.
- Stalking: Repeated acts or communications directed toward another person, including following
the other person without proper justification, which places the other person in reasonable
fear of bodily injury or causes substantial emotional distress.
For the purpose of this definition; course of conduct means two or more acts, including, but not limited to, acts in which the stalker directly, indirectly, through third parties, or by any action causes substantial emotional stress. Stress means significant mental suffering or anguish that may, but does not necessarily require medical or other professional treatment or counseling.
- Intimate Partner Violence and Dating Violence: Causing or attempting to cause physical or emotional harm, sexual assault or abuse, placing another in reasonable fear of serious bodily injury, restraining another’s liberty or freedom of movement, or stalking, where such conduct is directed against the Complainant by someone with whom they have been in a romantic or intimate relationship. Whether there was such a relationship will be gauged by its length, type, and frequency of interaction. Dating violence can be a single event or a pattern of behavior that includes, but is not limited to, sexual or physical abuse.
- Reporting Individual: Any individual who has allegedly experienced an act or acts of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence.
- Responding Individual: Any individual or authorized student organization that is alleged to have committed an act or acts of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence.
- Adjudicator: The College administrative official who will be responsible for disposition and resolution of a Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence complaint. Typically, this will be the Assistant Dean of Students/Title IX Investigator or other Title IX Deputy Investigator.
- Mandatory Reporters: Mandatory Reporters are persons who, as a result of their profession, may be professional health, counselors and pastoral counselors) are designated as mandatory reporters with regard to cases of suspected sexual assault/violence, sexual misconduct, and relationshipviolence. Suspected incidents need to be immediately reported to the Title IX Coordinator or Dean of Students office. If requested by the reporting party, a “John or Jane Doe” report may be made. This type of report will protect the privacy of the reporting individual, but may still require the mandatory reporter to communicate other details of the alleged violation.
Sexual misconduct can be generally defined as non-consensual sexual activity that occurs as a result of intimidation, threat of force, force, coercive behavior, or taking advantage of one who is unable to give consent due to mental or physical incapacitation. Non-consensual and/or inappropriate sexual behaviors include but are not limited to: non-consensual sexual contact or sexual intercourse, non-consensual touching or fondling, harassment by communication or social media, stalking, and threats of physical harm. Juniata recognizes that sexual misconduct may affect anyone, regardless of gender or sexual identity.
Students who are survivors of sexual misconduct are urged to report the incident to a staff member of Public Safety, Residential Life, the Dean of Students Office, Counseling Services, Campus Ministry, or any other appropriate member of the college community with whom they feel comfortable. The other aforementioned members of the campus community (with the exception of professional health, counselors, and campus ministry staff) may be required to file an incident report with the college’s Title IX Coordinator, Public Safety and/or the Dean of Students Office. All efforts will be made to maintain the confidentiality of both the survivor and the accused. The survivor may decide whether or not to file an official complaint; however, under the requirements of Title IX and the Cleary Act, an investigation will be pursued if the College deems it advisable to conduct a full investigation to protect the safety and interests of the greater campus community. Survivors of sexual misconduct are urged to seek a medical examination within 48 hours of the incident whether or not the survivor chooses to report the incident or press criminal charges. The survivor is also encouraged to undergo an examination for DNA evidence, and therefore is advised not to change clothes or shower prior to examination (rainn.org). Please note that medical facilities have the obligation to inform law enforcement of any reports of rape or sexual assault. However, it is the survivor’s choice on whether to speak with an officer or file a report.
If the survivor chooses to file an official complaint of the incident of sexual misconduct, the case will be investigated by a trained Title IX investigator, assisted by Juniata Public Safety and/or local law enforcement as appropriate. After an incident has been formally reported to the Title IX Coordinator and/or the Dean of Student’s office, an investigation will be launched by a Title IX investigator and deposition will take place within 60 days. As outlined in the Department of Education’s “Dear Colleague” Letter, the preponderance of evidence standard of proof will be used by the College throughout this investigation. This is a different standard of proof (is it more likely to have happened than not) than the clear and convincing standard used in all other student Judicial Board cases. Both the reporting individual and the responding individual will be offered periodic updates of the status of the investigation. After receiving official notification of the recommended resolution or judicial disposition, both parties will have 48 hours in which to submit an appeal to the Dean of Students.
Student affairs staff and other members of the college community are available for support and advocacy for both parties throughout the process.
Retaliation by the reporting individual, the responding individual, or anyone on their behalf is prohibited by college policy and will not be tolerated. If necessary, action will be taken by the college to protect the reporting or responding individual and the campus community at large. Depending on the findings of the investigation, the college may choose to act to protect members of the community and separate an offender under the “Emergency and Extraordinary Situations” section of the Pathfinder.
Survivors may choose to press criminal charges independent from any investigation and enforcement carried out by the college.
It is policy of Juniata College to promote and maintain a campus environment free of all forms of discrimination, intimidation, and exploitation—including sexual harassment. The use of one’s institutional position or authority to seek or solicit unwanted sexual relations with a member of the Juniata College community is incompatible with the mutual trust and respect among members of the college community fundamental to the mission of Juniata College. If a student has a supervisor or teacher who has used his or her position to seek or solicit unwanted sexual relations, that student should report the matter to the Associate Dean of Students /Title IX Coordinator, Dan Cook-Huffman, 814-641-3151 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
(814) 641-3636: Emergency Line
(814) 641-3162: Jesse Leonard, Director of Public Safety
(814) 641-3163: Carla Panosetti, Public Safety Officer & Office Assistant
Title IX Compliance Officer
(814)641-3151: Dan Cook-Huffman, Associate Dean of Students and Title IX Coordinator
(814)641-3194: Gail Leiby Ulrich, Director of Human Resources and Deputy Title IX Officer
(814)641-3595: Jerry Kruse, Assistant Provost and Deputy Title IX Officer
Dean of Students Office
(814) 641-3157: Matthew Damschroder, Vice President for Student Life and Dean of Students
(814) 641-3151: Dan Cook-Huffman, Associate Dean and Title IX Coordinator
(814)641-3152: Ellen Campbell, Assistant Dean of Students
Health & Wellness Center, Counseling
(814) 641-3353: Office Phone
(814) 641-3360: Office Phone
The SPoT (Office for the Prevention of Interpersonal Violence)
(814)-641-3077: Jody Althouse, Director
Huntingdon Boro Police
911 or (814) 643-3960
Abuse Network (Sexual Assault & Rape)
Huntingdon House (Domestic Violence & Abuse)
Victim Services Hotline- Family Services Inc.
(Domestic Abuse, Relationship & Sexual Violence)
(814) 944-3585 (Altoona)
JC Blair Hospital
(814) 643-2290 or 911
Hazing is prohibited under Pennsylvania State law. Any person who causes or participates in hazing commits a misdemeanor of the third degree (P.L. 1595, No. 175 subsection 3). Hazing is also a violation of college policy, and infractions may result in a direct referral to the Judicial Board or a summary suspension from the College. “Hazing” is defined as any action or situation which recklessly or intentionally endangers the mental or physical health or safety of a student or which willfully destroys or removes public or private property for the purpose of initiation or admission into or affiliation with, or as a condition for continued membership in, any organization operating under the sanction of or recognized as an organization by Juniata College (Antihazing Law).
Guidelines for Reporting and Addressing Bias-Related Confrontations/Incidents
Juniata College promotes a community that celebrates respect and inclusion. Attitudes and actions informed by bias create a hostile environment and are unacceptable. When bias-related incidents occur, the cooperation of the college community is expected to ensure that appropriate steps are taken to stop the unacceptable behavior, redress harms, and actively foster a culture of inclusion and support. This three-pronged response will affirm the values of the College and its mission.
A bias incident is an event which expresses negative bias against a person because of a perceived quality of that person such as race, ethnicity, color, national origin, gender, age, sexual identity, gender identity and/or expression, religion, political affiliation, disability, veteran or family status. Bias incidents often increase levels of fear and intergroup tension in communities, and their victims often face greater difficulty coming to terms with their victimization. A bias incident may not always be against a person who is of the targeted group, but it is motivated because the perpetrator believes the victim to be part of the targeted group.
Juniata College makes clear distinctions between bias-related incidents that violate Juniata College policies and illegal intolerance/discrimination based on protected identity characteristics. While criminal or illegal incidents will be reported to local law enforcement and/or the appropriate state and federal offices for civil and/or criminal action, Juniata College responds to boas-related incidents through concurrent processes generated by independent units with responses grounded in their mission, authority, and College policy directives:
- the Bias Response Team
- the Dean of Students Office
- Office of Residential Life
- Office of Human Resources
- Public Safety
Juniata Bias Response Team
The Juniata College Bias Response Team is charged with developing appropriate responses to campus issues which may arise from instances of intolerance and/or biased behaviors by working with a group composed of students, faculty, and administrators. Upon receipt of notice that an incident of bias has taken place on campus, the Team will assemble to gather information, consider reactive and proactive responses, and implement solutions that stop the unacceptable behavior, redress harms, and actively foster a culture of inclusion and support.
Reports of bias may be submitted directly through an online intake form, or made in person at the Office of Diversity and Inclusion (Unity House) or the Dean of Students Office (Founders Hall). Reports may also be forwarded directly to the Bias Response Team. Additionally, key personnel who are made aware of incidents involving bias, such as Residential Life Staff and Public Safety Officers, will also act to ensure that such incidents are brought to the attention of the Bias Response Team for reflection, consideration, and response.
Responses generated by the Bias Response Team will be focused on:
- Attending to the individuals who experienced the bias, and assuring that they are safe, supported, and provided with restorative processes
- Responding to the perpetrator of the incident to provide education, the opportunity to take responsibility, redress harms, and create space for healing.
- Addressing those who were witnesses or contingent to the incident of bias and helping to empower their voices in responding to the incident and contributing to restorative solutions.
- Educating the broader communities in which the bias incident was sourced or situated to help reduce intolerance, shift or change attitudes, and create conditions whereby equity and inclusion overcome biased views and actions.
- Affirming our college and community values and standards and drawing clear distinctions about behaviors that are permissible and those that are impermissible.
Getting help for yourself or another
If you are the victim of bias or witness a bias-related incident, you are urged to report the incident immediately to a campus official:
- If the incident has been physical and/or if anyone is injured, please contact Juniata College Public Safety at 814-641-3636 or local law enforcement at 911.
- Share your experience at the Dean of Students Office 814-641-3150 or the Office of Diversity and Inclusion 814-641-3125.
- Complete the online bias report form
The following disciplinary sanctions may be imposed for violations of college policy. Depending on the circumstances, more than one sanction may be imposed.
A student’s permanent dismissal from the college.
Summary suspension requires that a student leave the campus or vacate college property for a specified time. The Dean of Students, or a designated individual, may invoke this suspension if there is cause to believe that the continued presence of that student on campus constitutes a substantial threat to the safety of himself or herself, to other persons or property, or to the continuance of normal college operations. Suspensions may also be invoked if the student charged fails to appear at a scheduled hearing. A student who returns to campus during the period of a summary suspension may be subject to disciplinary expulsion and/or prosecution for unlawful trespassing.
Disciplinary suspension excludes the student from registration, class attendance, and use of college facilities for a specific period of time. During the period in effect, disciplinary suspension is recorded on the student’s academic record. Upon the student’s reinstatement, this notation is permanently removed from the academic records, and that student will be considered for registration in compliance with academic policy. Any further incidents of misconduct after the student is readmitted may result in expulsion.
Dismissal from Residence
The student may be required to move out of college housing for willfully causing damage or destruction in college residences or for repeat minor misconduct in college residences. The student may also be barred from entering any college residence or building for any purpose unless a specific waiver is granted by the Dean of Students or a designee. A summary process may be used when this sanction is invoked.
Disciplinary probation may be imposed with or without restrictions for a period up to the duration of a student’s undergraduate career at Juniata. The penalty is given for major misconduct or repeated minor misconduct. Restrictions generally associated with disciplinary probation include qualifications for prizes and participation in and/or attendance of college extracurricular activities—including intercollegiate athletics. Another incident of misconduct or violation of the terms of probation will likely result in disciplinary suspension. Disciplinary Probation carries with it a $100 fine.
Loss of Privileges
Loss of privileges denies a privilege or use of a service for a specified period of
time commencing when the offense was committed. This sanction may be imposed separately
or in addition to other sanctions.
A disciplinary warning informs a student that his or her conduct was unacceptable and that any further incidents of misconduct will be handled more stringently.
Fines may be levied for minor and major offenses. Failure to pay the fine or fulfill other obligations may prevent registration and graduation and may be referred to the Judicial Board.
Restitution requires a student to pay for damages.
College/Community Work Assignments
When appropriate, a specified number of work hours may be assigned. The student will meet with the assignment supervisor to develop a specific work schedule and must notify the supervisor in advance of any legitimate circumstances arising which will prevent him or her from keeping this schedule. Failure to do so will result in suspension from the college. This sanction may be added to other sanctions.
The college recognizes the possibility that compelling circumstances, such as posing a threat (to oneself or others), may require that certain procedures normally afforded students be suspended. To facilitate the prompt processing for a matter under such circumstances, the Dean of Students or delegate shall determine appropriate sanctions and/or termination of student status.
- Major misconduct and/or repeat minor misconduct which violates the Student Code of Conduct or the Academic Integrity Policy, may result in referral to the Judicial Board.
- If a student has been referred to the Judicial Board for a hearing, the accused student shall be informed in writing of the charges at least 48 hours in advance of any hearing. The notice shall include a copy of the hearing procedures. Students appearing before the Judicial Board may have an advisor from the college community and/or parents/guardian(s) attend the hearing.
- The hearing is private (closed).
- The student may call a reasonable number of witnesses on his or her behalf. Witnesses are subject to questioning by members of the Judicial Board.
- The student must inform the chairperson 24 hours in advance of the hearing if he or she intends to have witnesses appear. The notification must include the names of any proposed witnesses and their relevance to the situation.
- If the student does not appear, the hearing will be held in absentia and the student may be additionally charged with failure to comply.
- When a student appears before the Judicial Board, the Chair reminds the student that he or she is expected to tell the truth. If it is later discovered that a student has been dishonest and/or misrepresented himself or herself to the Board, that student is eligible for suspension from the college.
- On behalf of the college, the Chairperson of the Judicial Board presents the charge(s) against the student.
- The student shall have an opportunity to make an opening statement.
- In the specific case of a charge of academic integrity, the faculty member presents the evidence of the violation to the Board. The student is responsible for presenting any evidence in defense of himself or herself. The burden of proof is on the faculty member. The student and the faculty member may question any witness and inspect any document offered as evidence and make whatever statement or argument appears to be appropriate.
- After the student’s opening statement (and presentation of evidence from the faculty member for academic integrity charges), the Board may address questions to any party or witness summoned, but shall limit the scope of the testimony to matters relevant to the charges. (The Board may request the presence of any witness deemed necessary for the hearing.)
- The student and/or advisor may not directly question any witnesses. However, the student and/or advisor may suggest questions to the Judicial Board to ask of witnesses.
- At the end of the question and answer period, the student and/or advisor(s) and parent(s)/guardian(s) have the opportunity to make closing statements.
- Following the conclusion of the hearing, the Board shall deliberate in private.
- The Board shall, by majority vote, make a determination as to whether there has been a violation of Juniata policy and recommend sanctions. The Board provides its recommendation to the hearing chairperson. The hearing chairperson will inform the student of the recommendation(s). The chairperson of the hearing prepares a final report documenting the hearing and the final decision.
- The Hearing chairperson of the Judicial Board will officially notify the student charged of the final decision and any sanction imposed.
Certain procedural rights are normally afforded a student charged with a disciplinary violation of college policy.
- The right to have one’s case processed without undue delay.
- Written notice (including email) of the charges and the regulation upon which the charges are based no less than 48 hours before the scheduled hearing.
- Written notice of the time, place and date of the hearing. (Students are responsible for checking their electronic inbox and mailboxes daily.)
- The right, but not the obligation, to be present at an Administrative Hearing.
- The right to testify on one’s own behalf or to remain silent.
- The right to be assisted in one’s defense by any member of the college community of one’s own choosing.
- The right of appeal.
Following an alleged act of student misconduct, and until final disposition of the charges, the status of a student shall not be altered or his or her right to be present on campus and to attend classes suspended, except for reasons relating to his or her physical or emotional safety and the well-being of other students, faculty, or college property, or for reasons relating to the protection of the normal functions of the college.
The Judicial Board conducts hearings in which students have been charged with violating Juniata College policy. The Board is comprised of three faculty members, two students (appointed by the Student Government), one administrator from Student Affairs, and one administrator from Academic Affairs. The Judicial Board is chaired by either the Assistant Provost or the Assistant Dean of Students (or other appropriate appointee). A recording secretary appointed by the Judicial Board Chairperson is also present.
Each Judicial Board is selected from a pool of eight faculty members, five students designated by the Student Government and all members of the Academic Affairs and Student Affairs staff.
Duties of Chairperson — The Chairperson of the Judicial Board shall call and preside over meetings of the Board when necessary.
Duties of Secretary — The Secretary of the Judicial Board shall record and transmit to the Dean of Students Office the proceedings and resulting recommendations of each hearing.
Duties of Members— It is the duty of all members to keep all proceedings confidential. It is the responsibility of members to disqualify themselves whenever they feel that they cannot, in good faith and with an open mind, hear the dispute impartially and without prejudgment of the specific case before the Board. If a member refuses to disqualify himself or herself and a party objects, the Chairperson of the Judicial Board shall determine whether or not the member must withdraw. If the Judicial Board Chairperson does not disqualify himself or herself and a party objects, non-challenged members of the Board shall determine if the chairperson should be disqualified.
Although the Judicial Board strives for consensus, the Board may enact by vote. Each member shall have one vote in every decision and the voting shall be done by secret ballot. For a recommendation to be conclusive, at least five members the Judicial Board must concur in the decision.
- A student has 48 hours from the hearing conclusion to submit an appeal in writing to the hearing chairperson. Failure to submit an appeal within the time allotted renders the decision final.
- The Chairperson refers the appeal to the Dean of Students or Provost in cases of academic integrity. A decision on the appeal will be made within 48 hours and is based on the letter of appeal and the case file. The Dean of Students may remand the case to the Judicial Board only if he/she specifies procedural errors that denied the student a fair hearing, or if additional significant evidence becomes available.
- The Dean of Students shall send a copy of the written decision on the appeal to the student, the faculty member, and the hearing chairperson.
- The decision of the Dean of Students shall be final.
The appeal letter must state the grounds upon which the appeal is based and the justification for such an appeal. Grounds for appeal include:
- Evidence not available at the time of the decision, but now available, which would affect the decision itself.
- The case was initiated or conducted with improper procedure.