This POE accurately reflects the requirements for a full Spanish & Hispanic Cultures degree and also fulfills the requirements of the PA Department of Education for K-12 Certification in Spanish.

Spanish Requirements
  • One academic year of study abroad in a Spanish speaking country. Exceptions will be permitted only under special circumstances with the approval of the Department of World Languages and Cultures.
  • After returning from their year abroad, students will take a 300 or 400-level course at Juniata offered in Spanish.
  • Prior to the second semester of the student's senior year, she/he will demonstrate advanced-low oral proficiency in Spanish as measured by an Oral Proficiency Interview (American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages).
  • A minimum of 33 hours in Spanish and Hispanic Cultures beyond the 210 level, including the courses listed below. One course must be designated "CW" (communication). Alternative courses taken at a foreign exchange institution may be substituted for the required courses as long as they are deemed to be comparable to the Juniata offering by the Spanish faculty.

SP-110 Spanish I
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 4 Credits; H, I; 
Emphasizes fundamentals of grammar, pronunciation, and language production. The development of skills in oral comprehension, speaking, writing and reading are stressed. Note: Students receive H or I credit provided that they have not taken more than two years of the language at the secondary school level.  


SP-120 Spanish II
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 4 Credits; H, I, CS, SWGLS; 
Spanish 120 is the second part of a three-semester introductory sequence. Its primary goals are to enable students to build their proficiency and attain a broader understanding of Hispanic cultures. Emphasis is placed on the use of the target language in the classroom and the study of culturally authentic materials. Students will achieve greater accuracy with basic language structures.  Pre-req: SP110 or placement test.

Note that the placement exam does not fulfill distribution or skills requirements


SP-210 Spanish III
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3 Credits; H, I, CS, SWGLS; 
Spanish 210 is the third part of a three-semester introductory sequence. Its primary goals are to enable students to build their proficiency and attain a broader understanding of Hispanic cultures. Emphasis is on the use of the target language and the study of culturally authentic materials. Students will achieve greater accuracy with basic language structures.  Pre-req: SP-120 or placement results.

Note that the placement exam does not fulfill distribution or skills requirements


SP-230 Spanish Conversation & Composition
Spring; Yearly; 3 Credits; H, I, CW, CS, SWGLS; 
SP230 focuses on continued learning of Spanish through the practice of speaking and writing. Students discuss short films, readings, and topics of interest from the Hispanic world. Through practice in and outside of class and study of grammatical structures and vocabulary, students will improve their reading and listening comprehension and their speaking and writing competence.  Prerequisite: SP210 or placement test results.

Note that the placement exam does not fulfill distribution or skills requirements


SP-235 Intensive Spanish Grammar
Fall; Variable; 3 Credits; H, I; 
This course serves to reinforce the fundamental grammar that students have studied previously and to delve more deeply into certain topics that often prove to be challenging for native English speakers of Spanish. Topics typically of this course include; identifying the building blocks of sentences; identifying verb classes and studying how that information determines the way we construct sentences; analyzing the Spanish pronominal system including, subject and object clitic pronouns; reviewing and expanding upon the use of subordinate clauses introduced in SP210.  Prerequisites: SP210.


SP-245 Spanish Phonetics & Phonology
Fall; Yearly; 3 Credits; H, I, CS; 
This course serves as an introduction to the phonetics and phonology of Spanish. The goals of the course include providing students with a theoretical and practical understanding of the system of Spanish sounds, including dialectal variations, as well as strengthening students' Spanish speech in the direction of more native like pronunciation. Prerequisite: SP210.

--OR--

SP-345 Spanish Phonetics & Phonology
Fall; Variable; 3 Credits; H, I, CS; 
This course serves as an introduction to the phonetics and phonology of Spanish. The goals of the course include providing students with a theoretical and practical understanding of the system of Spanish sounds, including dialectal variations, as well as strengthening students' Spanish speech in the direction of more native like pronunciation. Prerequisite: Study abroad experience or permission of the instructor.

Upper level; see table below for distribution requirement 18 credits require


SP-250 Introduction to Hispanic Literature
Spring; Yearly; 3 Credits; H, I, CS; 
Emphasizes the development of skill in reading Spanish and in literary analysis of selected stories, plays, poems, and essays from Spain and Latin America.  Prerequisite: SP210.

--OR--

SP-255 Contemporary Hispanic Short Fiction
Fall; Variable; 3 Credits; H, I, CS; 
An intensive introduction to reading and analyzing twentieth-century Spanish and Spanish American short narrative. Study of the literary tests enables students to develop a better understanding of and appreciation for Hispanic cultures while continuing to build their Spanish language proficiency.  Prerequisite: SP210.


SP-265 Contemporary Spain
Spring; Variable; 3 Credits; H, I, CS; 
An intensive introduction to twentieth and twenty- first century Spain. Topics to be studied include: Spain's peaceful transition from dictatorship to democracy, economic development, and social change. Spain's role in the European Union, mass and elite cultural movements and the challenges facing Spain's younger generation.  Prerequisites: SP210.

Students may take either SP 250 or SP 255 as part of core Spanish requirements.  SP 255 is Contemporary Hispanic Short Fiction (3 credits; SP 210 prereq.; H, I, CS).


300-400 level 1 civilization, culture or history course
300-400 level 1 Hispanic literature course
300-400 level 1 Hispanic literature course
300-400 level elective
300-400 level elective
300-400 level elective

Minimum total credit hours in Spanish = 33
Minimum total credits in Education = 38

The student must have one advisor who is a member of the World Languages Department Spanish faculty and one advisor designated by the Education Department.

Required Education Courses

ED-110 Foundations of Education
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3 Credits; S; 
Discusses the historical and contemporary bases of major political, economic, legal, sociological, and psychological issues affecting public school systems. Students review current issues in education and write a personal philosophy statement. Corequisite: ED111.


ED-111 Foundations of Education Field Experience
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1 Credit; S; 
Provides a classroom experience for freshmen and students who are interested in education to explore teaching as a career and observe the application of multiple philosophies, theories, and teaching strategies. Corequisite: ED-110

Field experience*


ED-130 Adolescent Development
Fall & Spring; Yealy; 3 Credits; S; 
Examines human physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development from preadolescence through emerging adulthood. Topics include: identity, sexuality, and gender issues; emotional and behavioral challenges of adolescence, the impact of culture, language, and disability on adolescents, and the role of family, schools, and peers on development. Enrollment priority in this course is given to Education POEs.


ED-201 Educational Technology
Either Semester; Yearly; 3 Credits; S; 
Introduces educational technology and computer systems and their current applications in the classroom. Topics to be covered include office programs, Web 2.0 programs, multimedia programs, course management systems and web-page construction; classroom presentation software; use of assistive technology and software evaluation. Prerequisites: ED110 and ED111 or ED101 and ED120 and ED121. ED130 may be taken as an alternate prerequisite for ED120/ED121 only.


ED-240 Introduction to Students With Exceptionalities
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 3 Credits; S; 
Introduces the culture of exceptionalities within the public special education system. Historical, philosophical, educational, and legal perspectives will be presented. Students will learn the categories of exceptionalities, general characteristics of individuals with exceptionalities eligibility criteria, and the referral process for special education services. Professional and community resources, inclusion and other current issues will be discussed. Prerequisites: ED110 and ED111 and ED120 and ED121 or ED130.


ED-314 English Language Learners
Either Semester; Yearly; 1 Credit; S; 
Focuses on the historical, legal, and cultural issues pertaining to meeting the educational needs of English language learners. Students are be introduced to research based best practices in instruction and assessment strategies for working with English language learners in the general education classroom setting. Prerequisite: ED120 or ED130.


ED-315 ELL Field Experience
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1 Credit; S; 
Provide students with 30 hours of field experience and participation in a variety of multi-cultural and multi-lingual environments in order to broadentheir own experiences, prepare to teach English learners, and work with diverse families. Students accumulate required hours throughout their program, but they formally register for course credit during student teaching or their final semester at Juniata College. Prerequisites: ED314. Graded S (satisfactory) or U(unsatisfactory).


ED-341 Adaptations for Students With Exceptionalities
Spring; Yearly; 4 Credits; CW, S; 
The purpose of this course is to learn how to develop and manage effective inclusive learning environments for students with disabilities at the secondary level. Content will focus on the knowledge and skills necessary to create an instructional environment that communicates challenging expectations to students while utilizing and modifying research based instructional strategies/resources/technologies. Students will learn the critical components of effective collaboration with parents and professionals. Successful completion of a field experience in an educational setting is also a requirement. Prerequisites: ED110, ED111 and ED240.

Field experience*


ED-398 Methods for Foreign Language Education
Fall; Yearly; 4 Credits; S, CS; 
This course is for students interested in teaching foreign languages or English as a foreign language or second language (ESL). This course provides a thorough introduction to contemporary theories and methods of language pedagogy. Students seeking K-12 certification in foreign languages may take this course instead of ED420 after completing study abroad. It may also be taken by those students who have an interest in teaching English abroad. International students who are here for a semester or a year should also consider taking this course. Prerequisites: ED110 and ED111 and ED130 and ED240 and ED341.

Field experience*


ED-450 Student Teaching
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 14 Credits; S; 
Student teaching is the capstone experience for students preparing for certification to teach in their content area(s). Students synthesize and apply knowledge of developmental theory, content, and teaching methodology as they design, implement, and evaluate learning experiences in an intensive internship in the classroom. Corequisite: ED451 and completion of all clearances and requirements. Note: A special fee is assessed. Secondary level student teaching is in the fall semester; PreK-4th, and foreign language education student teaching is in the spring semester. Students must have access to reliable transportation.  

Spring Semester Senior Year**


ED-451 Student Teaching Seminar
Fall & Spring; Yearly; 1 Credit; S; 
In conjunction with student teaching, students attend weekly seminars that are led by the college supervisors. These meetings focus on professional topics and allow students to reflect upon and share their student teaching experience. In addition, students develop interviewing techniques, become familiar with employment seeking strategies, and develop a portfolio that includes but is not limited to a resume, a philosophy of education statement, lesson plans, and documentation of professional experiences. Corequisite: ED450.


Spring Semester Senior Year**


Total credit hours = 38 (25 upper level)
Total certification credit hours = 71

*There are field experiences in these courses. Students should take only one of these courses per semester. Allow a two-hour block of time for scheduled field experience twice a week.

**ED 450 & 451 (Student Teaching and Seminar) may be taken only in the SPRING semester of the senior year. ED 450 requires students’ full-time participation and no other courses may be taken during this semester without the education advisors approval. Students must have reliable transportation.

NOTE: It is imperative that students work closely with their advisors to meet all current certification requirements. All students are required to take six credits of English composition (or equivalent) and literature (or the equivalent) and two college level mathematics courses (or the equivalent) prior to being admitted to a certification program. See Section I of the Education Department Student Handbook for explanation of all certification requirements.

Additional Certification Requirements
  • 2 math courses
  • 1 English literature course
  • 1 year of study abroad in the target language
  • GPA of 3.0 for certification program and student teaching
  • Grade of C or higher in all courses required for certification
  • Satisfactory rating in all practica
  • Passing scores on all required PRAXIS exams
Possible Schedule for the POE
Year Fall Semester Credits Spring Semester Credits
Freshman College Writing Seminar 4 SP 230 3
  Information Access 1 ED 11 & ED 111 4
  ED 130 3 ED 240 3
  SP 210 3 1 math course (N)/ and/or 1 English Lit course 3-6
  One math course (Q) 4 possibly an F or N course on an elective 3
    15   16
Sophomore SP 235 3 SP 250 3
  SP 265 3 ED 314 1
  ED 341 4 ED 201 3
  1 math course (N) or 1 English Lit course 3 Additional Spanish courses and/or electives 6-9
  F or N course 3    
    16   13-16
Junior Study Abroad   Study Abroad  
  1 Advanced Civ course 3 1 Advanced Lit course 3
  2 Advanced Spanish electives 6 2 Advanced SP electives 6
  F (if not taken before); otherwise an elective 3 F (if not taken earlier); otherwise an elective 3
  IC/CA requirement waived for 1 year of study abroad      
    12   12
Senior ED 315 1 ED 450 14
  ED 398 4 ED 451 1
  SP 245 or SP 345 3    
  1 Advanced Lit course 3    
  Electives 3-6    
    14-17   15